Some families left their homes to try to find jobs in other parts of the country. They packed up whatever belongings they could and traveled to where they might find work, food, and shelter iii. Picture 3- Hoovervilles: Some newly homeless people built shacks on the outskirts of towns or in public parks. The communities were called Hoovervilles because it was named after the president whom many blamed for the depression iv. Picture 4- Relief Agencies: Relief agencies distributed food to the homeless and jobless. v. Picture 5- Impact on Children: More than two of every three children in New York City suffered from malnutrition in the 1930s. vi. Picture 6- How entertainment helped: ● Many movies featured the popular swing music of the day, and stars like Fred Astaire and Ginger Rogers enchanted Americans with their dancing in movie musicals. The Wizard of Oz, made in 1939, was one of the first color movies. ● Music also focused on hardship. Singer Woody Guthrie sang about hard times and struggle. Another popular song of the day, "Brother, Can You Spare a Dime," by Yip Harburg and Jay Gorney, reflected the frustration and desperation that many Americans were feeling at the time. 6. Pg. 6 Bonus Army a. Bonus Expeditionary Force i. Final Straw for Hoover’s administration: occurred in May 1932 when a group of around 15,000 World War I army veterans set up camp in Washington, D.C. ii. The veterans demanded: their bonus payments, which they had been promised as a result of service during the war. They weren’t supposed to be paid the bonus until 1945, but they needed the money because many were homeless and unemployed. iii. Congress refused to: grant their request, and most of the Bonus Expeditionary Force, as they had come to be known, left. iv. Federal troops were sent in to: clear the area, using tanks and tear gas. Violence broke out, and the camps went up in flames. Hundreds of Bonus Army members were injured, and one veteran was killed. Several regular army troops were injured as well. The protesters then went home. v. Americans’ reaction: Americans were horrified that the U.S. government had used American troops against war veterans. The incident gave them an even greater reason to
dislike President Hoover and disagree with his policies vi. 1932 Election: During the 1932 presidential election, many showed their dissatisfaction by electing Democrat Franklin D. Roosevelt as the next president of the United States.
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- Fall '18
- Great Depression, Wall Street Crash of 1929, President Herbert Hoover