context which determines the meaning of any verbal or nonverbal behaviour The

Context which determines the meaning of any verbal or

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context which determines the meaning of any verbal or nonverbal behaviour The same words/ behaviour may have totally different meaning when they occur in different contexts In isolation from the context, it’s impossible to tell what meaning was intended by merely examining the signals Even if you know the context in detail, you still may not be able to decode the meaning of the message
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3. Messages are culturally influenced A part of verbal messages follow the rules of culture Cultural rules focus on the customs and values that the culture considers important When you follow these principles in communicating, you are seen as a properly functioning member of the culture When you violate the rules, you risk being seen as deviant or insulting
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Discussion Your task: What are your cultural principles in communicating, and how do these principles work in verbal communication?
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4. Language is both denotative and connotative Denotative= the meaning you’d find in a dictionary; it’s the meaning that members of the culture assign to a word. It’s a literal meaning. Connotation= the emotional meaning that specific speakers-listeners give to a word What is the word HOME means to you?
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5. Language varies in directness Direct speech : communicates your meaning explicitly and leaves little doubt as to the thoughts and feelings you want to convey. Indirect speech : communicates your meaning in a roundabout way. You don’t really say what you mean but you imply it Indirect messages have both advantages and disadvantages
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Discussion YOUR TASK: What are the advantages and disadvantages of indirect messages in your culture?
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Functions of VC (Haliday, 1985) Instrumental - to express desires and needs. Regulatory - where rules, instructions, orders, and suggestions are included. Interactional - where we may include patterns of greeting, leave-taking, thanking, good wishes, and excusing. Personal – which encourages others to talk about themselves and express their feelings Heuristic – which focuses on asking questions Imaginative – which is used for supposing, hypothesizing, and creating for the love of sound and image. Informative – which emphasizes affirmative and negative statements
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Discussion What are other functions of verbal communication that you can think of?
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Definition: Nonverbal Communication A communication without words A process of communication through sending and receiving wordless messages
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Verbal Communication & Nonverbal Communication Verbal communication and nonverbal communication are interconnected, and they operate together in communication Both are all types of communication But Verbal communication uses voice, nonverbal communication uses body signs
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Similarities of Verbal & Nonverbal Communication Symbolic – ambiguous, abstract, and arbitrary. We can’t guarantee that others understand the meanings we intend to
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