GEOG 3490 Unit 5.docx

New yachting marina was formally opened by president

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new yachting marina was formally opened by President of Costa Rica and Minister of Tourism in 2001 - Papagayo project included the construction of 1144 homes, 6270 condo- hotel units, 6584 hotel rooms, a shopping centre and a golf course - is not sustainable or socially responsible ecotourism - a high-profit real estate scheme designed to make a bunch of money for a few Costa Rican insiders and foreign corporate allies - environmentalists expressed concern that the enormous amount of water needed to maintain the golf courses would be taken from wetlands, man- groves, and other delicate habitats, while locals were worried it would af- fect their water supply - Arenal Volcano National Park: process of park expansion led to the forcible eviction of some local communities and the formation of an unholy alliance
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between the park authorities and hotel and resort owners to market the natural environment in an expensive and socially exclusive manners - communities also lost the Tabacon River’s hot spring which is highly re- garded as medicinal from being privitsiedu by Tabacon Resort - Tabacon Resort has built 11 swimming pools using the hot spring water, at the very foot of the Arenal Volcano - tourism increased deforestation to build cabins and resort centres - forest conversion endangered wildlife habitat by provoking mudslides, bi- otic impoverishment, and species forced migration - gov of Costa Rica has felt obligated to abandon its previously cautious sup- port for a sensitive and responsible type of community-based tourism de- velopment from which it gained relatively little financial benefit - in 1992, pointed out that CANATUR was under the same type of pressure as the gov - 1994: Costa Rican göç suffered another loss of power over its tourism in- dustry - Minister of Environment increased the entry fees to most national parks for foreigner by a factor of 10 - lowered back down in 1996 - sustainable development surprises the human rights of local communities and the rights of nature in favour of the rights of corportaions, and vulner- able local nature and local people have become connected to the interna- tional markets and the world economy on disadvantageous terms - sustainable development aggravated poverty and environmental destruc- tion for the short term benefit of capital - Certification for Sustainable Tourism (CST) and program run by ICT - CST differentiales between and certifies tourism businesses according to the extent to which they comply with a model of sustainability in terms of four fundamental aspects: - physical-biological parameters: evaluate the interaction between the company and its surrounding natural habitat - infrastructure and services: evaluate the management policies and the operational systems within the company and its infrastructure - external clients: evaluate the interaction of the company with its clients in terms of its involvement of the client as an active contributor in its sustainability policies - socio-economic environment: evaluates the interaction of the company with the local communities
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