Foods high in salt Processed Deli Meats Sausage Bacon Hot dogs Breaded Meats

Foods high in salt processed deli meats sausage bacon

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Foods high in salt: Processed Deli Meats, Sausage, Bacon, Hot dogs, Breaded Meats Canned Meats Smoked or Cured Meats Buttermilk, Processed Cheese Canned Vegetables and Vegetable Juices, Pickles, Relish, Olives Biscuits, Prepared Mixes, Seasoned rice, noodle or potato mixes, Coating Mixes, Salted Snack Foods (potato chips, corn chips, pretzels, pork rinds, crackers) Salt, Bouillon, Seasoning Salts, Spice and Herb Mixes with added salt, Teriyaki and Soy sauces, Large Amounts of Ketchup, BBQ Sauce, or Worcestershire Canned soups, dry soup mixes, Convenience foods (Pizza, pot pies, Hamburger Helper), frozen dinners with more than 600 mg of sodium Foods lower in salt: Fresh or frozen un-breaded meats, fish and poultry, low sodium or natural peanut butter, unsalted nuts, dried beans, peas, or legumes Milk, Yogurt, Ice Cream, Frozen Yogurt, Low Sodium Cheeses (Swiss, Mozzarella, Grated Parmesan Fresh or Frozen Vegetables, Canned Vegetables with no added salt, Low Sodium Vegetable Juices All fruits or fruit juices English Muffins, Bagels, Plain Pasta, Noodles, Rice, Cooked Hot Cereals, Unsalted or Low Sodium Snack Foods Fresh or Dried Herbs and Spices, Vinegar, Lemon Juice, Onion, Garlic, Pepper, Low-sodium Bouillon Diuretics: Thiazide diuretics: Hydrochlorothiazide HCTZ Metolazone (Zaroxolyn): very strong S/E:hypokalemia, hyponatremia, hypovolemia, hypotension, metabolic alkalosis
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Loop diuretics (strongest type): Furosemide (Lasix) & Bumetanide (Bumex) S/E:hypokalemia, hyponatremia, hypovolemia, hypotension, metabolic alkalosis K+-sparing diuretics: Spironolactone (Aldactone) S/E: hyperkalemia and sexual hormone imbalances Acute Pulmonary Edema: Seen with severe left-sided failure causes fluid back up Increasing hydrostatic pressure in the pulmonary vasculature causes fluid to leak out into alveoli Adaptations of severe ARF: restlessness, anxiety, confusion, dyspnea, pallor, cough, large amounts pink tinged expectorant, tales, tachycardia, severe hypoxia, cyanosis Goals are to increase gas exchange increase cardiac output, reduce venous return to the heart Interventions: Fowlers position with feet down, large amounts of supplemental oxygen (may require intubation and ventilation), IVP morphine to reduce anxiety, Lasix IVP to reduce fluid (watch K+), broncholdilators, vasodilators, digoxin, severely restricted fluid intake Cardiogenic Shock: Discharge Teaching : Low sodium diet Medications: diuretics (K supplements, signs of low K) digoxin (digitoxicity—how to take pulse, adaptations) antihypotensives (S/E, change positions slowly) Early signs of CHF and pulmonary edema Gradual increase in exercise & rest periods Evaluation: Patient….lost excess fluid/has clear lung sounds has improved activity tolerance has improved tissue perfusion
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has fewer episodes of failure follows dietary restrictions/ takes medications as prescribed
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