Even in the advanced countries witchcraft accusations

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Even in the advanced countries, witchcraft accusations is associated with satanic ritual, abuse, and moral panic.
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1: The origins and Meaning of Witchcraf .5 1.3. The context of contemporary witchcraf in Africa Witchcraft in Africa plays enormous economic, social and psychological roles than witchcraft in Europe. Three main classifications of witchcraft exist in South Africa the thakathi, a ‘witch’ who is capable of causing harm. the sangoma, a diviner or fortune teller, And, the inyanga, a “witch doctor” or healer. In Central African child witches are believed to be the cause of many illnesses. In the DRC in 2006, between 25,000 and 50,000 children were accused of witchcraft and thrown out of their homes. In Ghana, women accused of witchcraft seek refuge in six witch camps. However, in some African societies, traditional beliefs support the view that witchcraft can be beneficial.
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1: The origins and Meaning of Witchcraf .6 1.3. The context of contemporary witchcraf in Africa Witchcraft is a major issue for the mass media in Nigeria in recent times. Several confessions and personal experiences of 'repented witches‘ are in the news. Like in other parts of Africa, it is hard to hear that someone dies a natural death. Every disease has a witchcraft origin before manifesting as a medical or accidental condition. Witchcraft is reified and venerated and given an over bloated spiritual and socioeconomic relevance. Witchcraft is believed to be practiced within kinship groups. It is easier for a person to be harmed by a member of his/her family. However, in the wider social context, witchcraft accusations reflects the struggle for resources and power among people.
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REVIEW QUESTIONS 1. Explain the context of contemporary witchcraft in Africa. 2. Highlight the major differences in the anthropology of witchcraft in African and European societies. 3. Witchcraft accusation and stigmatization is as old as human history. Discuss.
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Session 2: The context of Witchcraf in Africa 2.1. The common thinking about witchcraf in Africa African societies commonly believe in the potency of witches. The strong belief in witchcraft can explain why: many ignore healthcare facilities even when it is affordable, and hence morbidity and mortality due to preventable illnesses tend to increase. the traditional kinship support system is failing because the scare of witches promotes mutual distrust and individualism. Many societies believe that witchcraft is a tangible substance that is passed on from parent to child. Some indeed think that the ‘substance’ can be determined through a postmortem examination. It is believed that witches can turn themselves into animals such as dogs, cats and owls.
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2: The context of Witchcraf in Africa ..1 2.1. The common thinking about witchcraf in Africa It is also believed that witches leave their physical bodies during sleep.
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