Epidemics such as cholera are not factored into such

Info icon This preview shows pages 3–5. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
successfully capture all areas of water needs across the social spectrum. Epidemics such as cholera are not factored into such economics and prevent such theories to be successful. Privatization in Ghana Privatization of water in Ghana was a rational decision based off of the economic needs of the country. With the rising population budgetary pressures were growing in the early 1980s. Facing a debt crisis Ghana sought the safeguard of Western financers. Competitiveness was another reason for privatization. Efficiency was sought through “cutting red tape and deregulation as a way for solving the over accumulation crisis of capitalism” thus privatization appeared as a strong option for capital (Yeboah, 53). Lastly, water emerged as a new capital investment, which would help with Ghana’s debt. There are two consultants’ reports that rationalize Ghana’s decision for privatized water. These are the Halcrow Report, which developed a number of options for public participation, and the Berger Report, which developed a business framework for the restructuring of the water sector (Yeboah, 54). The Coalition Against Privatization of Water (CAP of Water) was the large force against privatization in Ghana. CAP of Water focuses on “sustainable human development” through people- centered development urban poor. Highlighting many low-income families who have been disconnected from water mains due to privatization. Alternative ideas to privatization are hybrids of traditional and modern ways of acquiring water. It is important for the people of Ghana to keep “indigenous values, social structures and identities” that have survived thus far, in future operations (Yeboah, 61). The inability to collect water impedes these structures to be upheld and is a core issue in Ghanaian society.
Image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Water Allocation in the Private and Public Sector Advocates of water privatization believe that private companies would be more efficient in transporting and providing water to those who currently lack access. Failed government and aid agencies are the reasoning behind this assertion, low efficiency and low levels of “cost recovery of public utilities” result from poor management in the public sector. Privatization and private sector “partnerships” will be more efficient thus gaining “lower prices, improve performance and increase cost recovery, enabling systems to be upgraded and expanded” which is extremely important in countries with many tribes spread out with limited access to water (Bakker, 437). Those who are against the involvement of private companies argue that it introduces “a pernicious logic of the market” which is incompatible with guaranteeing citizen’s basic right to water (Bakker, 437). Shareholders, who overpower the actions of private companies, have an overriding goal of profit. This goal inhibits the ability of private companies to manage water supply sustainably. In 2002 Esache and Rossi studied a well- managed public water system and proved that it was more efficient and less expensive than management via the private sphere. By the late 1990’s Enron had become one of the largest water “multinationals
Image of page 4
Image of page 5
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern