SCISSOR LIFT TRAINING PROGRAM
employee to lose his/her life were willful or repeated violations, criminal charges resulting in prison
sentences may be pursued.
Theories of Accident Causation
There are many theories that can help explain why accidents happen, in this section of the
training, we will discuss the The Theories of Accident Causation. .
Domino Theory –
States that there are five factors that need to happen in sequence for an
accident to take place
Human Error Factor –
States that accidents are the result of human error due to overload,
inappropriate response, and inappropriate activities.
Accident/Incident Theory –
An extension of the Human Factor Theory, Dan Peterson added new
elements such as ergonomic traps, the decision to err, and system failures.
Epidemiological Theory –
The Epidemiological Theory is the result of a broader perspective that
includes industrial hygiene, focusing on predispositional characteristics and situational characteristics.
System Error –
States that an accident can be the result of the interaction between individuals,
machines, and the environment.
Combination Theory –
States that many times, an accident cannot be explained by one theory,
and often, an accident may combine different parts of several theories.
Behavioral Theory –
States that changing an employee’s behavior can prevent accidents by
focusing on positive reinforcement and addressing the issues encouraging behavior prone to accidents.
Drug and Alcohols, and Depression Theories –
States that drug, alcohol, and depression are
malicious causes of accidents in the work place.