Incidents increased exponentially the occupational

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Precision Machining Technology
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Chapter 3 / Exercise 9
Precision Machining Technology
Hoffman/Hopewell
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incidents increased exponentially. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), created by the OSH Act, administers, interprets, and enforces the OSH Act. The Occupational Safety and Health Act requires employers to comply with safety and health standards and regulations promulgated by OSHA or by a state with an OSHA-approved state plan. In addition, the Act’s General Duty Clause, Section 5(a)(1), requires employers to provide their employees with a workplace free from recognized hazards likely to cause death or serious physical harm. Within the OSH Act are several standards governing the safe use of scissor lifts, for the purpose of this training program we will focus on the standards for construction, which are: • 1926.21 – Safety Training and Education • 1926.451 – General Requirements • 1926.452 – Additional Requirements to Specific Types of Scaffolds • 1926.454 – Training Requirements When the standards or the rights of workers under the OSH Act are violated, OSHA can and does asses monetary fines against the responsible individual(s), and or company(s). Depending on the seriousness of the violations, or if the violations resulted in serious injury or death, the monetary fines could be in the hundreds of thousands of dollars. If it was determined that the violations that caused an
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Precision Machining Technology
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Chapter 3 / Exercise 9
Precision Machining Technology
Hoffman/Hopewell
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SCISSOR LIFT TRAINING PROGRAM 5 employee to lose his/her life were willful or repeated violations, criminal charges resulting in prison sentences may be pursued. Theories of Accident Causation There are many theories that can help explain why accidents happen, in this section of the training, we will discuss the The Theories of Accident Causation. . Domino Theory – States that there are five factors that need to happen in sequence for an accident to take place . Human Error Factor – States that accidents are the result of human error due to overload, inappropriate response, and inappropriate activities. Accident/Incident Theory – An extension of the Human Factor Theory, Dan Peterson added new elements such as ergonomic traps, the decision to err, and system failures. Epidemiological Theory – The Epidemiological Theory is the result of a broader perspective that includes industrial hygiene, focusing on predispositional characteristics and situational characteristics. System Error – States that an accident can be the result of the interaction between individuals, machines, and the environment. Combination Theory – States that many times, an accident cannot be explained by one theory, and often, an accident may combine different parts of several theories. Behavioral Theory – States that changing an employee’s behavior can prevent accidents by focusing on positive reinforcement and addressing the issues encouraging behavior prone to accidents. Drug and Alcohols, and Depression Theories – States that drug, alcohol, and depression are malicious causes of accidents in the work place.
SCISSOR LIFT TRAINING PROGRAM 6 Safe use and inspection The safety of employees while operating a scissor lift depends on the employee being familiar

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