Psychology in Action

This preview shows page 25 - 27 out of 31 pages.

Double lines ( || ) are placed in the margin next to important concepts and main ideas that should be remembered and reviewed. Single lines ( | ) are placed in the margin next to explanations and examples that help to explain important terms or concepts. Asterisks ( * ) are placed in the margin next to specific terms, names, or dates that should be remembered (not necessarily verbatim) Question marks ( ? ) are placed in the margin next to items that are unclear and need future review or assistance from the instructor.An important feature of marginal marking is that students are required to stay active , engaged, and critically evaluating while they're reading. Once the technique is mastered, reading time is more efficient and students often report an improvement in their comprehension and exam scores. Critical Thinking Exercise 2.2 - Clarifying Terms and Concepts: Understanding Brain Anatomy and Function Instructor's Resource Guide Chapter 2 Page 77
Image of page 25

Subscribe to view the full document.

Being able to define a term doesn't necessarily guarantee comprehension. Critical thinkers look at terms from different angles asking questions such as, "What does this mean?", "What would happen if . . . ?", and "Suppose this were different, would . . .?”. Such free-wheeling exploration not only improves comprehension but also encourages the development of critical thinking skills. The following exercise will help to clarify your understanding of brain structure and function. It also provides a model for the type of questions that lead to critical thinking. Situation #1 - A neurosurgeon is about to perform brain surgery. The surgeon touches (stimulates with an electrode) a tiny portion of the patient's brain, and the patient's right finger moves. After noting the reaction, the surgeon stimulates a portion of the brain a short distance away and the patient's right thumb moves. Questions to Answer 1. What section of the brain has been stimulated? What lobe is it in? What hemisphere of the brain is being stimulated? 2. During the stimulation, would the patient experience feelings of pain? Why or why not? 3. Given that some parts of the brain are specialized for certain functions (e.g., receiving sensory information, controlling motor output), what would happen if the brain were disconnected from the rest of the body? Does brain functioning require feedback from the receptors in the body? If the brain could be kept alive outside the body, what could it do? Would a person be able to think without sensory input or motor output? Situation #2 - The scene: An emergency room in a hospital. Two interns are talking about a car crash victim who has just been wheeled in. First Intern: "Good grief! The whole cerebral cortex is severely damaged; we'll have to remove the entire area." Second Intern: "We can't do that. If we remove all that tissue, the patient will die in a matter of minutes." First Intern: "Where did you get your medical training--watching General Hospital?" The patient wouldn't die if we remove his whole cerebral cortex." Second Intern: "I resent your tone and insinuation. I went to one of the finest medical schools, and I'm telling you the patient will die if we remove his whole cerebral cortex." Questions to Answer 1. If the whole cerebral cortex is removed, will the patient die? Explain your answer.
Image of page 26
Image of page 27
You've reached the end of this preview.
  • '
  • NoProfessor

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern