In gen PD or comorbid PD and agoraphobia decreases among elderly from 57 at 30

In gen pd or comorbid pd and agoraphobia decreases

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In gen, PD or comorbid PD and agoraphobia decreases among elderly, from 5.7% at 30-44 to <2.0% after 60 Specific fears Sex ratio 50/50 for fear of heights Common fears, sex ratio 4:1, overwhelming females 8.7 prevalence during a given 1 year period, 15.8% in adolescents Median age of onset = 7 (Blood injection injury = 9, Natural Enviro. = 7, Animal = 7, Situational = teens to mid 20s) Separation Anxiety 4.1% of children experience a severe enough level to meet criteria Occurs in 6.6% of adult pop. over the course of a lifetime SAD 6.8% in a given one year period (8.2% in adolescents), 12.1% of gen. Pop. suffers at some point in life Second only to specific phobia as most prevalent anxiety disorder SAD sex ratio 50:50 Begins in adolescence, peak age of onset = 13 Prevalent (18-29 y/o), undereducated, single, and of low socio-economic class PTSD Statistics 6.8% (life); 3.5% (during a given year) Prevalence varies Most people who undergo traumatic events do not develop PTSD Type of trauma Ex: experiencing repeated sexual assault makes an individual 2-3x as likely to develop PTSD Proximity – more likely to develop PTSD if closer to the trauma OCD Statistics 1.6% to 2.3% (life); 1% (during a given year) 13% of a normal population had moderate to normal levels of O and C tendencies Female and Male have equal rates
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Chronic Onset = can happen as early as childhood and up to in the 30’s 10-40% of youth with OCD have a co-occurring tic disorder Involuntary movements (ex: sudden jerking of limbs, jaw movement, etc.) Sometimes tics are used as compulsive behaviors – performed to relieve anxiety associated with obsession Causes of disorder Causes of GAD: Generalized Psychological Vulnerability or Generalized Biological Vulnerability or Possible False Alarms lead to Stress: due to life events, which leads to Anxious apprehension: including increased muscle tension and vigilance, which leads to Worry process: a failed attempt to cope and problem solve, which can lead to Intense cognitive processing or avoidance of imagery If intense cognitive processing, then it leads to inadequate problem solving skills which leads to GAD If avoidance of imagery, then it leads to restricted automatic response which leads to GAD Causes of Panic Disorder and Agoraphobia Generalized Psychological Vulnerability or Generalized Biological Vulnerability Stress: due to life events, which leads to False alarm, which can lead to Associated with somatic sensations: interoceptive cues, ex- pounding heart, which can lead to Learned alarm, which can lead to Specific Psychological Vulnerability: unexplained physical sensations are dangerous, which can lead to Anxious apprehension: focused on somatic sensations, which can lead to Panic Disorder or Development of Agoraphobia: determined by cultural, social, pragmatic factors, and moderate presence of absence of safety, which can lead to Panic disorder and agoraphobia Causes of PTSD
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  • Fall '09
  • zalava
  • Professor Navarro

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