He thinks more simply than before not concerning

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from physical changes, the war also mentally changes Nick. He thinks more simply than before, not concerning himself with irrelevant worries, “He had not been unhappy all day. This was different though. Now things were done. There had been this to do. Now it was done” (Hemingway 139). Nick’s main mental focus is on what immediately lies ahead of him, not what will happen years from now. He focuses only on his own happiness and needs aside from others. All of the circumstances in the last story are related “to the man’s past: the blows which he have suffered – physical, psychical, moral, spiritual, and emotional” (Young 19). Clearly as Nick progresses as a character, there appears to be change in his personality. Before he was naïve and unaware of the real world, but after
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48 the war he is well aware of death and the importance of life. He wants to live his life simply and part of that results as an escape from the stress of being in the war. The structure of In Our Time can be seen as a collection of short stories, or as Brogan defines it, a “cubist anatomy”. But despite the various compositions of the novel, the structure in itself is significant to the overall message of the author. In the particular case of Hemingway, he uses the discontinuous nature of his stories and vignettes to illustrate the effects of war on a person. Nick Adams goes through drastic changes after he returns from the war and is not the same person as he was when he was an adolescent. His change shows how detrimental war can be, especially to a naïve and inexperienced person like him. The physical and mental condition of Nick by the end of In Our Time raises another question: is he fit to be named the so-called Hemingway hero? The Hemingway hero is a male character that “faces violence and destruction with courage” (Kramer n.p.). But also a character who follows the Hemingway Code and “[learns] how to make one’s passive vulnerability into a strong…position” (Brenner and Rovit 92). So the argument here is whether Nick passes as this character that can face danger in a brave way and hide his fears. The evidence given in “Big Two-Hearted River” suggests that no, Nick cannot be seen as a hero because on his camping trip he is escaping from the realities of life and death that he saw during war. However, there is a lot of debate concerning this question and to some, Nick is seen as the first Hemingway hero. To go further, if Nick can be seen as a fictional representation of Hemingway, is Hemingway a hero too? Word count: 2,575 Annotated Bibliography
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49 Jung Barloon, Jim. "Very Short Stories: The Miniaturization Of War In Hemingway's "In Our Time." Hemingway Review 24.2 (2005): 5-17. Academic Search Premier . Web. 23 Feb. 2013. Brenner, Gerry. "The Code: A Revaluation." Ernest Hemingway . By Earl Rovit. New York: Twayne, 1995. 90-99. Print.
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