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impairment in regards to social, occupational, or other areas of functioning (APA, 2013). This diagnosis notes that Ji-Woo would need to have experienced the death of someone she had a close relationship with, and has experienced one symptom on more days than not over the past 12 months. These symptoms include intense sorrow or emotional pain, a preoccupation with the circumstances regarding the death, a preoccupation with the deceased person, or a consistent longing for the individual (APA, 2013). Ji-Woo also fits this category because she is having
ASSESSMENT OF ADDICTION 8difficulty accepting the death of her friend, as well as a potential bitterness or anger in regards to how she lived and her friend did not, and she has a desire to die (APA, 2013). Assessment SummaryAssessment in treatment planning is a critical piece to appropriate treatment for patients. It is important when working with clients that the assessments that are chosen are effective and thoroughly considered before administered. Drug testing with clients that experience substance abuse is beneficial because it will give the clinician an opportunity to avoid adverse reactions of pharmacotherapy (Morgen, 2017). The ASI is another assessment that can be used when workingwith clients who experience substance use. This assessment focuses on life functioning, including drug and alcohol use over the past 30 days (Denis, et. al., 2013). The PHQ is a tool thatcan help clinicians in evaluating levels of depression and anxiety in clients (June & Segal, 2017).Cultural considerations for both assessments should be taken into account when working with Ji-Woo due to her Korean heritage. Utilizing family systems approach may not be the best option for Ji-Woo and her family because the issues with her drug use are not solely family based; however, using her family as a support when treating her addiction and allowing them to help guide the treatment could help her (NIH, 2014). In reference to Ji-Woo, it would be beneficial toknow more about her medical history. Furthermore, having a back history regarding her family and any underlying addictions in the family would also be helpful. Ji-Woo meets several of the criteria for the Opioid Use Disorder, as well as the Persistent Complex Bereavement Disorders based on the fact that she utilizes opioids not only as a pain suppressor, but a memory suppressant, and the fact that she avoids thoughts of the grief she feels for her friend.
ASSESSMENT OF ADDICTION 9ReferencesAmerican Psychiatric Association (2014). Differential diagnosis by the trees. In DSM-5 Handbook of Differential Diagnosis (pp. 17-156). Arlington, VA: Author.Addiction severity index (ASI). (n.d.). InNational Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. Retrieved from Denis, C. M., Cacciola, J. S., & Alterman, A. I. (2013, July 23). Addiction severity index (ASI) summary scores: Comparison of the recent status scores of the ASI-6 and the composite scores of the ASI-5. In National Center for Biotechnology Information. Retrieved from Huang, F. Y., Chung, H., Kroenke, K., Delucchi, K., & Spitzer, R. L. (2006, June 21). Using the