Census reported over 7 million people were living in

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census reported over 7 million people were living in the states; there was no category for people engaged in agriculture. In this ten-year time span, then, agriculture experienced significant improvements and changes that enhanced its importance in American life. One of these improvements was the developments of canals and steamboats, which allowed farmers to “sell what has previously been unsalable [sic]” and resulted in a “substantial increase in [a farmer’s] ability to earn income” (Danhof 5). This If there is a gramma- tical, mechanical, or spelling error in the text you are citing, type the quote as it appears. Follow the quote with “[sic].” The paragraph after the B- level headers start flush left after the headings. Use another style, e.g., italics, to differen- tiate the C- level headers from the B- level headers. The paragraph continues directly after the header. Headers, though not required by MLA style, help the overall structure and organiza- tion of a paper. Use them at your instructor’s discretion to help your reader follow your ideas. Use personal pronouns (I, we, us, etc.) at your instructor’s discretion. When using headings in MLA, title the main sections (B-level headers) in a different style font than the paper’s title, e.g., in small caps. The headings used here follow an A-, B-, C- level system to break the text into smaller sections. The different levels help organize the paper and maintain consistency in the paper’s organization. You may come up with your own headings as long as they are consistent.
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Angeli 3 improvement allowed the relations between the rural and urban populations to strengthen, resulting in an increase in trade. The urban population (defined as having over 2,500 inhabitants) in the northern states increased rapidly after 1820. 1 This increase accompanied the decrease in rural populations, as farmers who “preferred trade, transportation, or ‘tinkering’” to the tasks of tending to crops and animals found great opportunities in the city (Danhof 7). Trade and transportation thus began to influence farming life significantly. Before 1820, the rural community accounted for eighty percent of consumption of farmers’ goods (Hurt 127). With the improvements in transportation, twenty-five percent of farmers’ products were sold for commercial gain, and by 1825, farming “became a business rather than a way of life” (Hurt 128). This business required farmers to specialize their production and caused most farmers to give “less attention to the production of surplus commodities like wheat, tobacco, pork, or beef” (Hurt 128). The increase in specialization encouraged some farmers to turn to technology to increase their production and capitalize on commercial markets (Hurt 172). The technology farmers used around 1820 was developed from three main sources: Europe, coastal Indian tribes in America, and domestic modifications made from the first two sources’ technologies. Through time, technology improved, and while some
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