(c) Since some of the cost of the stadium that the Packers play in is covered by taxpayers, the county and state government has an interest in the team’s finances. (d) The Packers’ revenues increased during recent years. However, because the cost of players’ salaries increased at a faster rate than revenues, the Packers’ operating profit actually declined. BYP 2-6 COMMUNICATION ACTIVITY Date: May 25, 2017 To: Accounting Instructor From: Student In the first transaction, bills totaling $6,000 were sent to customers for services performed. Therefore, the asset Accounts Receivable is increased $6,000 and the revenue Service Revenue is increased $6,000. Debits increase assets and credits increase revenues, so the journal entry is: Accounts Receivable 6,000 Service Revenue 6,000 (Billed customers for services performed)
The $6,000 amount is then posted to the debit side of the general ledger account Accounts Receivable and to the credit side of the general ledger account Service Revenue. In the second transaction, $2,000 was paid in salaries to employees. Therefore, the expense Salaries and Wages Expense is increased $2,000 and the asset Cash is decreased $2,000. Debits increase expenses and credits decrease assets, so the journal entry is: Salaries and Wages Expense 2,000 Cash 2,000 (Salaries and wages paid) The $2,000 amount is then posted to the debit side of the general ledger account Salaries and Wages Expense and to the credit side of the general ledger account Cash. BYP 2-7 ETHICS CASE (a) The stakeholders in this situation are: Ellynn Kole, assistant chief accountant. Users of the company’s financial statements. The Doman Company. (b) By adding $1,000 to the Equipment account, that account total is inten¬tionally misstated. By not locating the error causing the imbalance, some other account may also be misstated by $1,000. If the amount of $1,000 is determined to be immaterial, and the intent is not to commit fraud (cover up an embezzlement or other misappropriation of assets), Ellynn’s action might not be considered unethical in the preparation of interim financial statements. However, if Ellynn is violating a company accounting policy by her action, then she is acting unethically. (c) Ellynn’s alternatives are:
1. Miss the deadline but find the error causing the imbalance. 2. Tell her supervisor of the imbalance and suffer the consequences. 3. Do as she did and locate the error later, making the adjustment in the next quarter. BYP 2-8 ETHICS CASE The decision whether to fire Mr. Edmondson was the responsibility of Radio Shack’s board of directors, which is elected by the company’s shareholders to oversee management. The board initially announced its support for the CEO. After further investigation, the board encouraged Mr. Edmondson to resign, which he did. In contrast, when Bausch & Lomb’s CEO offered to resign in a similar situation, the company’s board refused to accept his resignation. Board members stated that they felt he was still the best person for the position. Radio Shack says that although it did a reference check at the time of Mr. Edmondson’s hiring, it did not check his educational credentials. Under the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, companies must now perform thorough background checks as part of a check of internal controls. The bottom line: Your résumé must be a fair and accurate depiction of your past.
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