An integrated approach to thinking about technology

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B. An Integrated Approach to Thinking about Technology:  computer  networking for military purposes  1. Social context and the birth of the infrastructure a. Cold War:  different networks of communication (centralized,  decentralized, distributed  b. ARPAnet (Advanced Research Project Agency Network)                   (1969: UCLA, UC Santa Barbara, Stanford, Univ. of Utah):  these  universities had giant super computers and connected the four universities and was  funded by the US government          2. Early Users and the development of the Net:  the way in which users  make use of technology is often beyond what the original creators of the technology  could have ever imagined; early universities used computers strictly for education and  research - - developed email  a. email, bulletin boards, newsgroups:  bulletin boards were the  first websites; invented a new culture
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b. open-source ethos (Linux):  a cultural view of what the internet  should be all about; primarily scientists used; place for sharing information and  knowledge freely linux:  corporate America see there is a new opportunity for business in the  internet world; Microsoft, Macintosh; starting charging for software; linux - -  open code operating system for free          3.  Developments in the 1990s (hypertext, World Wide Web):  html and  software development that makes the Web look like it does today; opened up the  internet to more and more users; before html you had to use codes and now it has links  - - way the internet is a mass media 4.  Convergence:  we live in a converged media society a.  CBS Sunday  story:  talked about how five years ago everything  was different; every kind of information can converge into one devise and this can all be  gone in 30 years  b. Industry Response:  Heroes
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