> teaching approaches include telling outline a

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> Teaching approaches include:-Telling: outline a process and give explicit instructions-Participating: set objectives and participate in the learning process together with the client; guide and counsel him or her and review objectives at the end of the session-Entrusting: patient accepts responsibilities and correctly performs task while you observe and remain available for assistance if needed-Reinforcing: use a reinforcement that increases the probability of response; feedback is a common reinforcement; never use reinforcers as threats
Cultural Sensitivity (Essentials of Nursing Practice, Chapter 20)Define cultural sensitivity and its relationship to nursing practice.> The definition of cultural sensitivityevaded me in the textbook, but if it is synonymous to cultural awareness, it is to be sensitiveand awareof a patient’s cultureand the role it plays in their health care decisions, and willing to work with themin that.> Regarding the application of cultural sensitivity it nursing practice:-Develop nursing interventions that take the patient’s cultural experiences into consideration-Consider each patient individuallyinstead of making broad generalizations-Modify educational approachesbased on a patient’s preferencesto ensure the effectiveness of patient education-Assume the role of learner; partner with your patients and their families to determine what is needed to provide meaningful and beneficial nursing careDiscuss the term “culture” and the various components that contribute to its definition (ethnicity, spiritual beliefs, social practices).> “Culture” is historically associated with norms, values, and traditions passed downthrough generations> It has also been perceived to be the same as ethnicity, race, nationality, and language> A modern viewof culture acknowledges its many other facets such as gender, sexual orientation, class, and immigration statusCompare and contrast the terms cultural sensitivity and cultural competence in relation to the role of the health care provider.> Cultural sensitivityboth initiatesand is accomplishedthrough cultural competence> Cultural competencehas five interrelated components:-Cultural awareness: an in-depth self-examinationof one’s own background, recognizing biases, prejudices, and assumptions about other people-Cultural knowledge: sufficient comparative knowledgeof diverse groups, including the values, health beliefs, care practices, world view, and bicultural ecology commonly found within each group-Cultural skills: ability to assesssocial, cultural, and biophysical factors that influence patient treatment and care-Cultural encounters: cross-cultural interactionsthat provide opportunities to learnabout other cultures and develop effective intercultural communication-Cultural desire: the motivation and commitment to caringthat moves an individual to learn from others, accept the role as learner, be open to and accepting of cultural differences, and build on cultural similaritiesRecognize the influence culture has on health, health practices, illness, and caring patterns by respecting cultural backgrounds/practices, sexual identity, orientation and personal choices of all clients.

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