Its a combination of programs services and policies

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premature death. It’s a combination of programs, services and policies that protect and promote the health of all citizens” - promotes the highest attainment of health for all people and deals with health from a population perspective. Public health ensures that health is addressed early in lie and that access to health resources are available as needed. - Keeps population healthy by o Health protection o Health promotion o Health and disease surveillance o Disease and injury prevention o Population health assessment - Examples of public health o Protection: Food inspection, evaluating air and water quality o Prevention: vaccinations for the flu, immunization programs o Promotion: encouraging active transportation, breast feeding initiatives; nutritional education programs Social determinants of Health - Determinants can be thought of as the conditions in which people are born, grow, live, work and age; they play a key role in determining a population’s health. - Factors affecting the individual o Race o Education o Income and income distribution o Early life o Housing o Disability o Gender o Indigenous status o Unemployment and job security
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o Health services o Social safety net o Food insecurity o Social exclusion o Employment and working conditions Health Equity - “the absence of avoidable or remediable (health) differences among groups of people, whether those groups are defined socially, economically, demographically or geographically” - reducing health inequities is critical because health is a fundamental human right Preventions - upstream: interventions that aim to treat the cause of health problems - downstream: interventions that focus treating the health problem Gap Minder - the relationship between health and wealth - Rosling believes that we need; o Time o Trade o Peace o Green technology Health Advocacy - Is a critical competency because it involves health promotion at the individual and population level. - Definition: one that pleased the cause of another, one the defends or maintains a cause or proposal, one that supports or promotes the interests of another - Why is it important? – helps causes of people who needs support to be fairly represented or defended. - Responsibilities as an advocate (physicians example) o Respond to individual patient health needs and issues as part of patient care o Respond to the health needs of the communities that they serve o Identify the determinants of health of the populations that they serve o Promote the health of individual patients, communities and populations Levels of advocacy - Individual: making a difference for someone in need of assistance. - Community: recognising and acting upon a defined need in the community in which you live. This may involve assisting a community organisation that aims at mediating health inequities or assisting in changing civic policy.
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