Q12 which of the following most logically completes

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Q12: Which of the following most logically completes the argument? The irradiation of food kills bacteria and thus retards spoilage. However, it also lowers the nutritional value of many foods. For example, irradiation destroys a significant percentage of whatever vitamin B1 a food may contain. Proponents of irradiation point out that irradiation is no worse in this respect than cooking. However, this fact is either beside the point, since much irradiated food is eaten raw, or else misleading, since _______. A. many of the proponents of irradiation are food distributors who gain from food’s having a longer shelf life B. it is clear that killing bacteria that may be present on food is not the only effect that irradiation has C. cooking is usually the final step in preparing food for consumption, whereas irradiation serves to ensure a longer shelf life for perishable foods D. certain kinds of cooking are, in fact, even more destructive of vitamin B1 than carefully controlled irradiation is E. for food that is both irradiated and cooked, the reduction of vitamin B1 associated with either process individually is compounded Answer: ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Q13: Historian: In the Drindian Empire, censuses were conducted annually to determine the population of each village. Village census records for the last half of the 1600’s are remarkably complete. This very completeness makes one point stand out; in five different years, villages overwhelmingly reported significant population declines. Tellingly, each of those five years immediately followed an increase in a certain Drindian tax. This tax, which was assessed on villages, was computed by the central government using the annual census figures. Obviously, whenever the tax went up, villages had an 19
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especially powerful economic incentive to minimize the number of people they recorded; and concealing the size of a village’s population from government census takers would have been easy. Therefore, it is reasonable to think that the reported declines did not happen. In the historian’s argument, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles? ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
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