MUSC 115 Study Guide for Midterm Exam.docx

Motets 1 17 all have highly emotional deeply

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Motets 1-17 all have highly emotional, deeply affective tenors o These tenors echo (or trope) on various contemporary mystic theological writing of the time, especially that of Henry Suso’s Letters, as well as the Song of Songs o So each tenor evokes not only spiritual and liturgical frameworks, but also references mystical, apocalyptic, and emotional states o Song of Songs establishes a lexicon of mystic words and phrases that are echoed in the tenor voices Mysticism – centered on belief that man could come in direct consciousness of the presence of God, and a central part of medieval religious belief
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o Contrasts with the doctrinal, dogged nature of the Church, mysticism emphasizes the affective elements of faith, of simply “experiencing God” o Emphasizes meditation and contemplation Wisdom books of the Bible – written in a dialogue with God, characterizing the daily human experience with God, very mystic o Wisdom is personified as female, and Wisdom = Christ (feminine Christ) o Henry Suso’s Horologium Sapientiae includes every one of Mauchaut’s motet tenors either directly quoted or implied in text o Suso’s work recounts the pilgrimage of “the Disciple” to attain and retain his Lady Wisdom (Christ) – can be compared to a courtly lover trying to attain his Lady – and he has erotic language to express relationship between Disciple and Wisdom Machaut’s motets echo the steps of the spiritual journey as expressed in Suso’s Horologium Sapientiae o Step 1 – Recognize that difficulties lie ahead in spiritual journey (motet 1) o Step 2 – Grieves and sighs over his sinfulness (motet 2) o Step 3 – Resolves to emulate Christ’s Passion and death (motet 3) o Step 4 – Hope that he will be forgiven (motet 4) o Step 5 – Conforms himself to Christ through obedience to his will (motet 5) o Step 6 – Compliance allows pilgrim to experience fleeting joy (motet 6) o Step 7 – struggles head-on with sins, emerging victorious with Christ’s help (motet 7-9) o Step 8 – Soul is set afire for the Savior (motet 10) o Step 9 – Period of extreme yearning for the Lord (motet 11-14) o Step 10 – Fleeting glimpse of Wisdom/Christ (motet 15) o Step 11 – Reminded of earthly trials he has yet to face (motet 16) o Step 12 – final union with the savior (motet 17) Q: What is Christine de Pizan’s Book of the City of Ladies about? How is it structured? (In other words, describe the style of writing. What else is it like?) Who are the three ladies she speaks to? Describe the significance of this text and its author. (Pizan, Christine de. Book of the City of Ladies . Excerpts on Blackboard.) She essentially is writing this book to show the great “problem” of women, and to begin to disprove all current notions that women are “evil creatures” She starts off being like “why do so many men write hateful things about women” She starts thinking about herself and her lady friends and is like, it can’t be true
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