100%(3)3 out of 3 people found this document helpful
This preview shows page 4 - 6 out of 6 pages.
That's because the areas first colonized by the Spanish(Visayas and Bicol regions)also happen to be the areas that were influenced most by Hinduism and the concept of their demons, the 'Rakshasa'. To this day, it seems a common occurrence that a person in the Philippines is feared, beaten or murderedfor being a suspected aswang.9. Mangangayoma - a person who makes love charms out of herbs, stones or woodbelieved to decieve people by causing lovers to be madly infatuated which then lead to insanity. "Gayuma" is known today as a Filipino love spell.10. Sonat - is equivalent to a preacher/tribal priest or priestess or rather an oracle that can predict a person's death and decides whether the soul deserved to be saved or condemned.11. Pangatahojan - is a soothsayer who can predict the future. They were the ancient psychics and fortune-tellers who were deemed evil by the evangelists.12. Bayoguin/ Bayoc or Bayog - is another name for the Asog, a male babaylan sometimes depicted as transgender males viewed as immoral bythe Spaniards. They were described by the friars as "impotent men and deficientfor the practice of matrimony and considered themselves more like women than men in their manner of living and occupations."The term "asog" is still used today by older folks to refer not to men, but to sterile or barren women. In Aklan province, the term refers to a female acting like a male(a tomboy or lesbian). The modern Cebuano word 'bayot' is an evolution of this term, which refer to homosexual men in general.Manner of burying the dead of the tagalogsManner of burying dead of the Aetas orNegrillosMacaCasanaanSitanTigbalaangPatianacIV.Contribution and Relevance of thedocument in understanding theground narrative of PhilippineHistoryThe original work itself is a product ofobservationsandjudgments.Therefore, it is probable that Juan dePlasencia’sworkmightcontainpartialityinpresentinghisobservations and judgments. It issubject to bias.Pre-conquest society were not sweptby the advent of the Spanish regime.
It has continued to serve as a basis forhistorical reconstructions of Tagalogsociety.The knowledge of how our ancestorslived in the past can help with theunderstanding of succeeding events(present and future).It keeps historical records of thetraditions and culture of the Tagalog.It helps us understand our culturefurther; helps preserve our culture The Customs of the Tagalogs gives anoutlook on how we were viewed byforeign people.
V.Relevance of the document in themodern timeMany of the 16thcentury beliefs andpractices are still present today.If affirms that during the pre-Hispanicperiod,Filipinosalreadyhavegovernment as well as a set of beliefsand practices.Some of our preceptions on Filipinobeliefs and practices are somehow ondifferent from Juan de Plasencia’s pointof view. Our way of life in the modern time isaffected by how our ancestors livedtheirs in the past.