The supreme leader is the countrys most powerful political leader ad is

The supreme leader is the countrys most powerful

This preview shows page 33 - 35 out of 62 pages.

The supreme leader is the country’s most powerful political leader ad is expected to act as a trustee of the Islamic umma (community of believers) by supervising politics and ensuring that laws conform with Islam o All in the name of upholding the Islamic state, the supreme leader has the authority to overrule or dismiss the president, appoint the head of the judiciary and half of the members of the Guardian Council, and appoint the top echelons of the military o The first supreme leader was Ayatollah Khomeini, who was succeeded by Ayatollah Khameini - The Guardian Council is a twelve-member council that jointly with the supreme leader has veto power over any legislation passed by Parliament that is deemed to be at odds with the basic tenets of the Islamic faith o In a sense, it operate as the upper house of Parliament o It also has the power to determine who can run in local, presidential, parliamentary, and Assembly of Experts elections o It is made up of 6 clerical members and six lawyers - The assembly of experts is an 86-member, male assembly that drafted the postrevolutionary constitution and is charged with evaluating the performance of the supreme leader o It is popularly elected - The Iranian Parliament (also known as the Majlis) o It is made up of 290 deputies whoa re elected by direct and secret ballot for 4-year terms
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