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correctional facilities across the country. Prison gangs can lead to lack of control, organization, and safety for all who run the institutions as well as the inmates. The growingpopulation of the prison, gang-related crime and violence is increasing as well. The inmates within the corrections system pose a significant threat to facility employees and it is gradually becoming a growing threat in many communities as well. Many inmates are members of street gangs and once incarcerated those members join an established prison gang to ensure their protection. According 3
GANGS IN PRISON 4to the Federal Bureau of Investigation (2015), “there are approximately 230,000 gang members incarcerated in federal and state prisons nationwide”. The problems that exist when dealing with gangs within the prison are threats to the security of the institution. It also threatens that of the community. Gang members pose a threat because they can gain access to the outside world through smuggled contraband (cellphones). These cell phones can be used to plan or direct criminal activities such as drug distribution, assault, and murder. The challenge that exists is the prevention of contraband from entering the prison that would aid the gang itself to survive. If a gang cannot gain credibility by showing it can profit then the gang will not survive. Internal and External StakeholdersThere are many internal and external stakeholders within the prison system and within the gangs inside the prison institution. An internal stakeholder is an individual who can benefit financially from their contributions to an organization's success. That organization within the prison system is the gangs within the prison. An external stakeholder is a supplier to a business, person, or entity. A correctional officer who brings in contraband would be considered an internaland an external stakeholder. They are considered an internal stakeholder because they bring in contraband seeking a profit. They are also considered external stakeholders because they are alsosuppliers for the gangs within the prison system. In order to fully understand how contraband is used for monetary gain, one must define what contraband is. Contraband is commonly defined asgoods prohibited by law from being imported or exported. There are many different kinds of contraband, including homemade weapons, gambling paraphernalia, excessively metered