galant style a French term for courtly manner modern sophisticated b freer more

Galant style a french term for courtly manner modern

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1. galant stylea. French term for courtly manner: modern, sophisticatedb. freer, more songlike, homophonici. emphasized short-breathed melodyii. phrases combined into larger unitsiii. light accompaniment, simple harmony, frequent cadencesiv. originated in Italian operas and concertos2. empfindsamer Stil(German for "emotional style")a. surprising turns of harmony, chromaticism, nervous rhythms, rhapsodically free, speechlike melodyb. associated with fantasias, slow movements of C. P. E. Bach3. classical music and classical stylea. nineteenth and twentieth century, classical music: covers centuries, multitude of stylesb. mid-twentieth century: Bach and Handel called "Baroque"c. "classical" evolved, two different things in relation to musici. mature music of Haydn or Mozartii. all-embracing term, music of the period 1730–1815d. analogy to Greek and Roman artC. Melody, harmony, texture, and form1. periodicitya. frequent resting points, segments relate to each other as parts of a larger wholeb. two- or four-measure phrasesc. two or more phrases form a periodd. composition: two or more periods in succession2. terminology borrowed from rhetorica. Versuch einer Anleitung zur Composition(Introductory Essay on Composition, 1782, 1787, 1793), by Heinrich Christoph Koch (1749–1816)i. treatise written for amateursii. components of musical phrase likened to subject and predicate 3. harmony a. melody, phrases, periods: supported by harmonyb. hierarchy of cadencesc. hierarchy of harmonic motions: small scale I–V–I subsumed within large-scale modulationd. less frequent harmonic change4. animated musical texturea. pulsing chords, other rhythmic meansb. Alberti bass: simple repeating pattern in underlying chords5. forma. coherence, differentiation of material according to its functionb. beginning, middle, or ending gesture; levels of relative strengthc. distinctions clarify formD. Emotional contrasts1. new view of psychology2. deeper knowledge of human physiology, feelings constantly in flux3. composers introduced contrasting moodsIII. The Enduring EnlightenmentA. Enduring assumptions trace back to the Enlightenment1. music serves human needs2. music's primary purpose is pleasure3. music is a universal language4. music should appeal to a wide audience
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5. a piece should be understood on first hearing6. feelings in music change quicklyB. Aspects of musical style continued through the past 250 years1. melody with accompaniment2. periodic structure of phrases and periodsCHAPTER 21I. Italian Comic OperaA. Opera buffa (comic opera)1. full-length work with six or seven characters, sung throughouta. public theaters, middle-class audience; gradually gained aristocratic patronsb. stock characters resemble commedia dell'artec. plots entertained, served moral purposei. centered on ordinary people
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  • Fall '15
  • Dr. Clark
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, A., B., Vienna

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