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In some respects it can be characterised as a

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In some respects, it can be characterised as a deliberate revivification of theearlier market-place or Venta of Oram’s Arbour, as a town on the western mar-gin of the old Atrebatic territory. This must have taken place while the clientkingdom was still in existence, and it is possible that Togidubnus’ sphere of56Barrett, “Career”; Barrett, “Civitates.”57Barry Cunliffe,The Regni(London, 1973), p. 23. Braund,Ruling,p. 111, also appears to leantowards this position.58John Creighton and Robert Fry,Silchester: Changing Visions of a Roman Town(London,2016), Ch. 11.59Michael Fulford, “Nero and Britain: The Palace of the Client King atCallevaand ImperialPolicy Towards the Province after Boudicca,”Britannia39 (2008), 1–13; Michael Fulfordand Jane Timby,Late Iron Age and Roman Silchester. Excavations on the Site of the Forum-Basilica 1977, 1980–86(London, 2000), pp. 567–68. See also Jillian Greenaway, “The Nero-nian Stamped Tile from Little London, near Silchester,”Britannia12 (1981), 290–91.60Fulford, “Nero,” p. 10.61See the summary in John Wacher,The Towns of Roman Britain,2nd ed. (London, 1995),pp. 291–93.Alexander James Langlands and Ryan Lavelle - 978-90-04-42189-9Downloaded from Brill.com04/30/2020 03:44:36PMvia free access
King24influence had allowed for expansion to the west, thus extending what was laterto become the Belgiccivitasinto western and south-western Hampshire andprobably beyond.62Autonomy for Winchester, as acivitas-capital after the end of the clientkingdom, cannot be easily dated, because we do not know when Togidubnusdied. Barrett suggests an early date, in the mid-60s ad, and this, or even earlierin the late 50s, was accepted by Braund, and initially, by Fulford.63 However,Fulford’s re-evaluation of the early building evidence at Silchester has led himto discard a Neronian date and argue for construction taking place on behalf ofthe client kingdom during the 60s ad, after Boudica’s rebellion.64 A Flaviandate for the death of Togidubnus is the current view, while acknowledging thatwe will never have certainty.65 Tacitus records that Togidubnus had remainedloyal ‘down to our times’, which was the late Flavian period or later.66 Thiswould make Togidubnus very elderly at the time of his death, and therefore thephrase is often taken as a literary generalisation.By way of conclusion, we must return to the word Belgae. Caesar stated that“maritime regions” of Britain had been settled before the time of his own inva-sion, by “invaders who crossed from Belgium (ex Belgio) for the sake of plunder,and then, when the fighting was over, settled there: these people have almostall kept the names of the tribes from which they originated.”67 This led BarryCunliffe to suggest that the area in question included the shores of the Solentand further inland, and that this had taken place c. 100 bc, representing thebeginnings of the Late Iron Age dispositions in the region.68 This could, ofcourse, mean that a group or groups of people in the region styled themselvesBelgae (but it must be noted that there are no people of this name ‘of the tribesfrom which they originated’, as Caesar put it), and that this was crystallisedeventually into the name for Roman Winchester.

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Term
Fall
Professor
Mrs. Cleckley
Tags
Middle Ages, Winchester, Anglo Saxons, Alfred the Great, Wessex, Alexander James Langlands

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