Repubs outnumber whites 3 states repubs need white

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Af Am =S. Repubs-->outnumber whites 3 states--> Repubs need white vote a) Carpetbaggers- northen transplants to S, many Union soldiers stayed in S after war; want reform “unprogressive” S-->develop material resources-- >Yankee institutions: free labor/free public schools; well-educated/middle class b) Ex: Albert Morgan-army veteran from Ohio settle in Mississippi after war, Repub politician, carpetbagger=big role S politics c) Scalawags -southern whites, small landowning farmers, well-off merchants. planters, supported S Repub Party during Reconstruction; diverse backgrounds & motives, look to Repub party: settle old scores, relief from debt/wartime devastation d) Confiscation Radicals ”-focus on obtaining land for Af Am 9
B. Reconstruction the States: A Mixed Record: 1. Repubs dominate 10 S constitutional conventions 1867-69-->constitutions: expanded democracy/public role of state/guarantee political&civil Af Am rights/abolished property qualifications for officeholding & jury a) Create 1st state-funded S education system administered by commissioners; mandated orphanages, penitentiaries, insane asylums b) 1868-Repubs in power in S-->1869 new constitutions for confederate states-->crisis of legitimacy limit ability to legislate change; balance reform, gain acceptance c) Repubs: for Af Am rights, against discrimination-->increase Civil Rights Act 1866 in stater constitutions-->wants states be “color-blind” d) Af Am employed in: police, fire depart, juries, school boards, city councils, public gov offices 2. Public School system=segregated, accepted b/c Af Am fear jeopardize funding if complained--> Af Am oppose federal legislature requiring segregation in schools a) Af Am demand prohibit railroad cars/steam boat/ theatre/public space segregation-->dividing Repub Party-->1870s laws guarantee equal access transportation/public accommodation: difficult enforce b) Repubs try weaken plantation system/promote black ownership-raise taxes on land-->don’t redistribute land to blacks c) Promote factories, large towns, diversifies agriculture-through state; encourage railroad construction; government backing=credibility/raise capital-railroad companies-->states get lien on railroads=security against defaults (1) 1868-72: S railroad system rebuilt-increase 40%; impossible attract N & European capital; w/drew resources from education-- >corruption/bribery public officials (2) Failures-->public confidence in Repub down; gospel of prosperity - failed modernize economy/solidify Repub Party in S C. White Resistance and “Redemption”: 1. Dems don’t recognize Repub right participate in S politics-->Repubs control S state govs--> Dems don’t recognize state authority a) Repubs split w/in state: conciliation to gain white acceptance vs consolidating party under military protection 2. Klu Klux Klan-1870-72-terrorist campaign; against Reconstruction gov-->kind of guerilla military force for Dems, planter class, white supremacy supporters 10
a) Planters employ Klansmen drive away Af Am from plantations-->deprive of harvest share b) 1870-Laurens Count, SC-KKK drive 150 Af Am from homes-kill 13 c) 1871-3 Af am arrested-Mississippi-b/c give”incendiary” speeches-at hearing: KKK kill 2 defendants & Repub judge& 30 Af Am killed at riot d) 1873-Colfax, LA-100 Af Am killed after failed hold besieged courthouse during contested election e)

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