Increase in the number of poor due to high steady

This preview shows page 21 - 23 out of 59 pages.

Increase in the number of poor due to high, steady levels of unemployment andmore part- time, temporary, and badly paid jobsAs high economic growth seems to have come to an end indefinitely, increased materialinequality seems to have become persistent-Research on stratification is extraordinarily mixed as to the influence of race/ethnicity in CanadaCurrent studies tend to lean toward a continued yet weakening influence of race/ethnicity on stratificationStill, many studies have shown that those from the north and west of Europe andJews are generally in favourable positions, South Europeans and visible minoritiesare generally in disadvantaged positions, and Aboriginal Peoples are at the bottomof the Canadian occupational hierarchyResponses to inequalityBelief 1: Inequality is inevitable and nothing has to be done about itBelief 2: Inequality is unjust and something should be done to reduce itSocialist response: Overthrow of capitalismReformist response: government redistribution of wealth to the poor (pensions,minimum- wage legislation, unemployment insurance)THINK ABOUT THE DECLINE IN GROWTH RATES IN DEVELOPED WORLDAND PUBLIC DEBTCanada’s welfare policies trust free markets, giving priority to deficit reduction overreduction of inequalitySOCI 250- Lecture 8- RacismHow do we learn to be Prejudice/ Racist?
Frustration- Aggression Theory (AKA Scapegoating Theory): Prejudice is aform of hostility that results from frustration about the economy, job marketand minorities act for a convenient target of such frustrationWhy do we blame immigrants for the state of the economy? Minoritythreat/ group threat theory, argues that this frustration is a result ofpreconceived notion of what they ought to be entitled based on their race/ethnicity and status at birth. It’s about the hierarchy. If I’m a majority groupmember, I can sometimes direct my aggression towards the minority whoare making it difficult for me to rise up in my status (one conclusion ofracism/ prejudice actions)Socialization: through primary socialization (family and friends), we learnprejudice. Not necessarily intentionally or directly. Often a result ofaggressionNegative stereotypesThe media- treats minorities in negative, stereotypical wayEx: the racialization of crime in the media has a long historyFunctions of Racism-Provides a reference group with whom to compare oneself favourable-A means of limiting competition for scarce resources in society (ex: jobs,housing, education)-Scapegoating: When members of society frustrated by crises, they mayblame some groups as racially responsible (a response that can becomean important and dangerous step toward violence)Ex: Those of Arab origin after September 11 attacks…Two Types of Racism1.Personal (or individual) Racism: Individuals (or small groups) who treatpersons unfairly or unequally because of their group membership-Some manifestations include:Landlord will not rent to a minority group member

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

End of preview. Want to read all 59 pages?

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

Term
Fall
Professor
Carmichael

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture