Sbar a s situations b b background c a assessment d r

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22.SBAR a.S-Situationsb.B-Background c.A-Assessmentd.R-Recommendation 23.What makes a nurse a professional? 24. Critical Thinking a. Defined as a systematic way to form and shape ones thinking. 25. What are advanced directives? a. Allows you to express your values and desires related to end-of-life care. 26. What is collaboration? 27. ADPIE 28. BADLs (Give Examples) a. Basic Activities of Daily Living i. Hygiene ii. Toileting iii. Feeding 29.The helping relationship 30. Blended Competencies a. Cognitive Competencies i. Developing the method of critical thinking 1. Purpose of thinking 2. Adequacy of knowledge 3. Potential problems
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4. Helpful resources 5. Critique of judgment/decision ii. Developing the personal attributes to think critically b. Technical Competencies c. Interpersonal Competencies i. Promoting human dignity and respect ii. Establishing caring relationships iii. Enjoying the rewards of mutual exchange d. Ethical/legal Competencies 31.Characteristics of the nursing process a.Systematic-helping relationship is used to refer to such relationships between nurses and patientsb.Dynamic-helping relationship is used to refer to such relationships between nurses and patientsc.Interpersonal-The nursing process ensures that nurses are person centered rather than task centeredd.Outcome Oriented e.Universally Applicable in Nursing Situations 32.Which statements describe the qualities of a helping relationship? 33. Types of questions and when to use them a. Open-Ended i. When obtaining a nursing history, use the open-ended question technique to allow the patient a wide range of possible responses. It allows patients to express what they understand to be true, yet is specific enough to prevent digressing from the issue at hand. It encourages free verbalization. b. Close i. The closed question provides the receiver with limited choices of possible responses and might often be answered by one or two words, “yes” or “no.” Closed questions are used to gather specific information from a patient and to allow the nurse and patient to focus on a particular area. Closed questions are often a barrier to effective communication. c. Validating i. This type of question or comment serves to validate what the nurse believes he or she has heard or observed. Overusing validating questions and comments might lead the patient to think the nurse is not listening, however.
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