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(20 my recent reevaluation of westing house

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Unformatted text preview: (20) My recent reevaluation of Westing- house, facilitated by materials found in railroad archives, suggests that while Westinghouse and Edison shared important traits as inventors, they (25) differed markedly in their approach to the business aspects of innovation. For Edison as an inventor, novelty was always paramount: the overriding goal of the business of innovation was (30) simply to generate funding for new inventions. Edison therefore undertook just enough sales, product development, and manufacturing to accomplish this. Westinghouse, however, shared the (35) attitudes of the railroads and other industries for whom he developed innovations: product development, standardization, system, and order were top priorities. Westinghouse (40) thus better exemplifies the systematic approach to technological development that would become a hallmark of modern corporate research and development.-------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Q5: 14 The primary purpose of the passage is to A. reevaluate a controversial theory B. identify the flaws in a study C. propose a new method of historical research D. compare two contrasting analyses E. provide a fresh perspective Answer: -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Q6: According to the passage, Edison’s chief concern as an inventor was the A. availability of a commercial market B. costs of developing a prototype C. originality of his inventions D. maintenance of high standards throughout production E. generation of enough profits to pay for continued marketing Answer: -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Q7: The author of the passage implies that the shift away from the views of Westinghouse’s contemporaries should be regarded as A. a natural outgrowth of the recent revival of interest in Edison B. a result of scholarship based on previously unknown documents C. reflective of modern neglect of the views of previous generations D. inevitable, given the changing trends in historical interpretations E. surprising, given the stature that Westinghouse once had Answer: ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Q8: A sudden increase in the production of elephant ivory artifacts on the Mediterranean coast of North Africa occurred in the tenth century. Historians explain this increase as the result of an area opening up as a new source of ivory and argue on this basis that the important medieval trade between North Africa and East Africa began at this period. Each of following, if true, provides some support for the historians’ account described above EXCEPT: A. In East Africa gold coins from Mediterranean North Africa have been found at a tenth-century site but at no earlier sites....
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(20 My recent reevaluation of Westing house facilitated by...

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