3.Some of Mozart's finest chamber works are the quintets for two violins, two violas, and cello.4.Mozart felt that the Quintet for Piano and Winds, K. 452 was his best work.5.Mozart composed a number of other works for winds and strings.C.Serenades and divertimentos
1.Mozart composed these works for garden parties and outdoor performances.2.Although background music, Mozart gave them serious treatment.3.These works appear in a variety of settings, ranging from duets to six or eight wind instruments.4.Eine kleine Nachtmusik(A Little Night Music, K. 525, 1787) is Mozart's best-known serenade and can be played by a string quintet or a string orchestra.D.Piano concertos1.Mozart composed piano concertos in Salzburg in the 1770s, most notably the Piano Concerto in E-flat Major, K. 271 (1777).2.The seventeen piano concertos composed in Vienna are major works in Mozart's compositional output; each is a masterpiece.3.Similar to the works of J. C. Bach, Mozart's concertos are in three movements, and the first movements combine elements of ritornello and sonata forms.4.Ex. 115: The first movement of the Piano Concerto in A, K. 499(1786)a.The three solo sections resemble the exposition, development, and recapitulation of a sonata form.b.The opening orchestral ritornello presents the first theme, transition, second theme, and closing themes in the tonic key.c.Ritornellos return to mark the end of the first and third solo section.d.The orchestra also punctuates the long solo sections.e.The cadenza appears in the final ritornello section.f.The orchestral transition material serves as a strong contrast to the lyric themes.g.A significant new idea is introduced at the beginning of the development.5.The second movement of a Mozart concerto resembles a lyrical aria.
a.The key is often in the subdominant and sometimes in the dominant or relative minor.b.Typical forms are sonata without development, variations, and rondo.6.The final movement is usually a rondo or sonata-rondo based on themes ofa popular character.7.Mozart balanced virtuosic display with colorful orchestral material, as evident in the numerous wind solos.E.Symphonies1.Mozart composed nearly fifty symphonies prior to moving to Vienna, many of which are in three movements.2.Mozart wrote only six symphonies in his Vienna years; each a masterpiece.a.Haffner Symphony, K. 385 (1782)b.Linz Symphony, K. 425 (1783)c.Prague Symphony in D Major, K. 504 (1786)d.Symphony in E-flat Major, K. 543 (1788)e.Symphony in G Minor, K. 550 (17880)f.Ex. 116: Jupiter Symphony in C Major, K. 551(1788)3.The G-Minor Symphony opens quietly with an undulating melody.4.The finale to the Jupiter Symphonyis a contrapuntal masterpiece, in which the coda links five themes together in a passage of ars combinatoria(the art of musical combination and permutation)IX.OperasA.Early operas1.In 1768, Mozart composed his first operas.
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