Most recent version – MMPI-2 (2000) MMPI-2 contains 567 true-false items MMPI-type items: At times, I feel so angry that I want to break things. I feel that only I understand myself. At times I feel so unhappy I cannot control myself. Demons possess me sometimes. I often sleep more than 12 hours in a day. Sometimes I feel sad. I often worry about my health. ➢ Numerical score computed for 10 clinical scale s and 4 validity scales
MMPI Clinical scales Scale Number Scale Name Interpretation of High Scores 1 Hypochondriasis Excessive bodily concern; somatic symptoms 2 Depression Depressed, pessimistic, irritable, demanding 4 Psychopathic Deviate Asocial or antisocial; rebellious, impulsive, poor judgment 6 Paranoia Suspicious, sensitive; resentful; rigid; may be frankly psychotic 0 Social Introversion Socially introverted; shy, sensitive; overcontrolled; conforming LIE scale – falsifying responses to appear more positive F scale – carelessness or trying to appear more disturbed Validity scales: assess test-taking approach D. Intellectual Assessment Question What information does an IQ score tell us about an individual? A. His or her test-taking abilities B. His or her innate intellectual abilities C. His or her current level of knowledge and information processing D. His or her future potential Intelligence is often seen as : the totality of accumulated knowledge, the ability to learn, and the capacity to adapt to the environment – especially to new situations.
Different conceptualizations General ability: Many theorists assumed that the individual differences displayed vis-à-vis these commonalities represent a general ability. Separate abilities: Others have argued that intelligence is best conceptualized as several separate abilities, such as spatial abilities and verbal abilities Intellectual Assessment can be defined as: The process by which a trained professional collects information about an individual that allows for the identification of skills or disabilities that enhance or interfere with the individual’s functioning in her/his environment. Intellectual Assessment ➢ Many intelligence tests are available (>100) ➢ Among the most widely used: ❖ Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS) ❖ Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC) ➢ Play a key role in the diagnosis of intellectual disability (ID) ➢ Are among the most carefully constructed of all clinical tests; good reliability and validity An IQ score is an indicator of current cognitive functioning.
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