Sophists invent study of rhetoric trying to convince

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Sophists invent study of Rhetoric- trying to convince someone into various means. teachers C. Definition: “the art of discovering all the available means of persuasion in a given situation” (Aristotle) – should be honorable and honest, should not lie should not trick. Socrates taught Plato. Plato taught Aristotle. SPA Plato- pointing up to the sky. Aristotle’s hand is facing toward the ground IV. Socrates, Plato, & the Shadow A. Idealism of Socrates and Plato – had a vision of the world that was a vision of the heavens and Gods and humans didn’t have the same. Socrates and Plato are above the humans and below the God’s. Very conservative. Didn’t like change. Aristotle was opposite. Didn’t trust the public and didn’t like that they had a somewhat important role. B. Changes in Athenian values – different way of doing things (represented by the adversary system and the C. Democratic Inclusion – different beliefs on who to vote for. Everyone has a choice of who to vote for. D. Socrates and Plato’s objection (Plato’s shadow) he only thought someone like himself could communicate with others. They were put in the hands of mere commoners. His communication was descended from the God’s. Plato liked to hog the spotlight. His influence was great. V. Aristotle’s Resolution A. Rhetoric is used and it matters – he recognized this was going to be a way of the future.
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