D is less effective than cognitive behavioral therapy

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d. is less effective than cognitive-behavioral therapy. ANS: B DIF: Moderate OBJ: 14.2d MSC: Remembering NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology 59. Giving a depressed client a placebo instead of an active drug a. has no impact on a client’s depressive symptoms. b. alleviates symptoms in approximately 30 percent of clients. c. causes clients to say they feel better even when they do not. d. alleviates some depressive symptoms by affecting brain functioning. ANS: B DIF: Difficult OBJ: 14.2d MSC: Remembering NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology | APA Goal 3, Ethical and Social Responsibility in a Diverse World 60. When comparing treatments of depression, Dr. Crowning sees that cognitive-behavioral therapy a. is less effective than drugs.. b. is just as effective as drugs. c. does not have an effect above and beyond that of drugs. d. is better suited for other types of psychological disorders.
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ANS: B DIF: Moderate OBJ: 14.2d MSC: Understanding NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology | APA Goal 3, Ethical and Social Responsibility in a Diverse World | APA Goal 5, Professional Development 61. Disorders of emotion can sometimes be treated by a medication that works by increasing the levels of serotonin and other neurotransmitters in the brain. Such drugs are called a. antidepressants. b. antipsychotics. c. mood stabilizers. d. stimulants. ANS: A DIF: Moderate OBJ: 14.2d MSC: Understanding NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology 62. Theresa is experiencing a depressive episode and undergoes cognitive therapy to treat her symptoms. If she were in therapy with Aaron Beck, she would most likely be asked to challenge her negative thoughts about a. herself and her unconscious needs and motives. b. her upbringing and her past relationships. c. herself, her situation, and the future. d. her skills and how to fulfill her potential for growth. ANS: C DIF: Moderate OBJ: 14.2d MSC: Understanding NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology | APA Goal 3, Ethical and Social Responsibility in a Diverse World | APA Goal 5, Professional Development 63. LaToya, who experiences only minor depression, was recruited for a research study in which she will receive either an antidepressant or a placebo. LaToya receives the active drug treatment. Compared with people receiving placebo treatment, LaToya will a. be equally likely to experience symptom relief. b. tend to expect symptom relief and therefore will experience it. c. be less likely to expect symptom relief. d. experience similar symptom relief to those who were given a placebo. ANS: D DIF: Difficult OBJ: 14.2d MSC: Understanding NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology | APA Goal 3, Ethical and Social Responsibility in a Diverse World | APA Goal 5, Professional Development 64. Johnny’s therapist has asked him to write down every instance of a negative thought and to challenge each of these thoughts so they become less automatic. For example, Johnny can attempt to gather evidence for his negative beliefs (which he probably will not find), or he can try to view the same situation from a neutral or positive point of view. The therapist who is treating Johnny is most like a. Aaron Beck.
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