Zone of proximal development The stage in which a child may master new skills

Zone of proximal development the stage in which a

This preview shows page 9 - 12 out of 12 pages.

-Zone of proximal development: The stage in which a child may master new skills with the help of a mentor.-scaffolding:Temporary support that is tailored to the learner’s needs and abilities andaimed at helping the learner master the next task in a given learning process.5.Language development (grammar, vocabulary). First versus second languages (benefits of bilingualism). -At age 2, a child may know between 100 and 2,000 words; by age 3 and 4, the amounts might rise to 5,000 and 10,000 respectively. Some 5-year-olds might know up to 20,000 words. These great leaps are referred to as the vocabulary explosion.-After learning one word at a time between 12 and 18 months, children develop interconnected set of categories for words-The “ fast- mapping” allows the new words to be learned at least by category while the exact definitions are not yet quite refined. -By age 2, children understand the basics of grammar, such as word order: subject/verb/object “I eat apple” -Toddlers quickly learn to add an “s” to make a word plural, and they’ll do this with new words.-Sometimes children apply the rules of grammar when they should not, and this is called overregularization.-By age 4, many children overregularize the “s”
Background image
Psych7Study Guide: Exam #1-Bilingual children also tend to be advanced in theory of mind probably because they need to be more reflective when they speak.-Studies show that young children who watch the most TV tend to be delayed in language learning, but this may be a 3rd variable problem.6.TED talk: Three types of bilingual -Early developmentalists used to believe that early childhood was a critical period, but of course it’s still possible to learn a new language later on in life. Sensitive period: 2 – 6 years old-Compound: develops two linguistic codes simultaneously-Coordinate: Speaks native language at home; learns new language at school-Subordinary bilingual: Learn a 2nd language by filtering it through their primary language-Mastering two language before age 6 seems to contribute to lifelong neurological benefits.7.Early childhood education programs - teacher vs. child-centered programs-Teacher-centered:oStress academic subjects taught by a teacher to an entire class.oAre often influenced by behaviorism.oAre much less expensive, since the child/adult ratio can be higher.oThe curriculum centers around letters, numbers, shapes, colorsoPraise is given for good behaviors, time-outs for bad-Child-centered:oEmphasize children's natural inclination to learn through play. No following adult directions.oEncourage self-paced exploration and artistic expression.oShow the influence of Vygotsky (children learn through play with other children with adult guidance) and Piaget (emphasis children will discover newideas if given a chance. They are “little scientists”).
Background image
Psych7Study Guide: Exam #1-Intensive Programs – These programs usually mixed child-centered and teacher-centered, but they were intensive in that they the children that were followed started as early as infancy, and went full time.
Background image
Image of page 12

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 12 pages?

  • Spring '16
  • Emily Blumenthal
  • Theory of cognitive development

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern

Stuck? We have tutors online 24/7 who can help you get unstuck.
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors You can ask You can ask You can ask (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes