For example in the years when the texas lottery and

This preview shows page 6 - 8 out of 11 pages.

For example, in the years when the Texas Lottery and the ban on same-sex marriage were on the ballot, voter turnout was higher than usual for a special constitutional amendment election. The National Gay and Lesbian Task Force spent around $215,000 on commercials and airtime. Their commercials focused on same-sex couples in the Houston area. In the article, Fleischer stated that previous campaigns “left the human beings out.” For this campaign, the group featured gay and lesbian couples and the parents of gay people in its ads. According to the article, around two dozen public officials and church leaders rallied outside the Harris County courthouse to urge people to support Prop 2. According to the list, Texans for Marriage raised over $330,000. According to the list, No Nonsense in November raised over $350,000 in opposition to Prop 2. One can reasonably conclude that when it comes to constitutional amendment elections and voter turnout, money is important, but the nature of an issue—how interesting or controversial it is—is just as important. CHAPTER 4 The Constitution grants concurrent economic powers to the states and national government. Federalism was a subject of intense debate during the drafting of the Constitution. Madison’s concept of “double security” was primarily intended to check the abuse of political power. Federalism is best described as the division of power between the federal and state governments. States generally enjoyed the sovereignty provided to them under the Articles of Confederation. The evolution of the balance of power is characterized by the federal government progressively assuming greater responsibility for domestic and economic issues. The governmental institution primarily credited with the most recent shift in the balance of power between the state and federal governments is the Supreme Court. In recent years, some power has shifted back to the state governments. The final item in Article I, section 8, commonly referred to as the “Necessary and Proper Clause,” expands Congress’s power by allowing Congress to pass any laws that are “necessary and proper” for it to carry out its enumerated powers under the Constitution. According to the Supremacy Clause, whenever there is a conflict between state and federal courts, the federal court decision overrules the state court decision. The federal government decided to charter the first two national banks because state- owned banks were charging the federal government too much interest on the loans it had taken out to cover the costs of the War of 1812. Maryland decided to tax the Second National Bank because the United States started borrowing almost exclusively from the national bank instead of state banks, a practice that decreased Maryland’s revenue.
Given that Chief Justice Marshall was a Federalist, one would expect him to rule in favor of McCulloch, or the federal government.

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture