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Birth of a child; adopt a child (or new foster child) Care for self, spouse, child, or parent with serious medical condition (including injured military personnel) oApplies only to employers with 50+ employeesoMust have been employed at the employer for 1 yearoEmployers may require that other stored-time be used first (sick days; vacation) FMLAoMore than 40% of U.S. workers don’t meet all requirementsoMany can’t afford to take unpaid leaveoOnly 12% of U.S. workers in the private sector can get paid family leave through their employer - usually high-paying job Women with Bachelor’s degree or more are likely to have paid leave
Paid FMLAoCA first state (2004) to have paid FMLA six weeks of leave at approximately 55% of a worker’s wage oNew Jersey and Rhode island also provide partially paid family and medical leave (6 weeks paid and 4 weeks unpaid) oPaid Maternal Leave: Almost Everywhere (Graph)The United States is one of only eight countries, out of 188 that have known policies , without paid leave. Lecture 22: Well-beingA contentious empirical debate Daniel Kahneman oAll because of this guy .. and his 2004 paper in Scienceo“Spending time with children ranks about the same as vacuuming on happiness scales” How does the transition to parenthood (TTP) affect our relationship happiness? How does TTP affect our personal happiness? TTP and HappinessoMethodological issues to consider:Problems with cross-sectional comparisons of parents and non- parentsProblems with longitudinal studies beginning in pregnancyProblems with longitudinal studies that begin before pregnancy,but don’t including a comparison group of non-parentsTTP and Relationship Well-beingoHow does parenthood affect martial satisfaction?Drew from sample of 156 newlywed couples to compare parents to voluntarily childless couplesParents reported steeper declines in martial happiness comparedto nonparentsIf the pregnancy was planned, the rate of decline was slower forhusbands (but not wives) oResearch from study“compared with prebirth levels and trajectories, parents showedsudden deterioration following birth on observed and self-
reported measures of positive and negative aspects of relationship functioning” 8년의 결혼생활중, 아이가 생긴 부부와 아이가 없는 부부를 비교했을때 없는 부부가 더 gradual deterioration. 아이가 있는 부부는 더 sudden deterioration. How does relationship functioning change following the birth of the first child? Possible patterns are following: Results for parents: Most areas of relationship functioning showed sudden deteriorations from their trajectories of relationship functioning before birth.