Birth of a child adopt a child or new foster child Care for self spouse child

Birth of a child adopt a child or new foster child

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Birth of a child; adopt a child (or new foster child) Care for self, spouse, child, or parent with serious medical condition (including injured military personnel) o Applies only to employers with 50+ employees o Must have been employed at the employer for 1 year o Employers may require that other stored-time be used first (sick days; vacation) FMLA o More than 40% of U.S. workers don’t meet all requirements o Many can’t afford to take unpaid leave o Only 12% of U.S. workers in the private sector can get paid family leave through their employer - usually high-paying job Women with Bachelor’s degree or more are likely to have paid leave
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Paid FMLA o CA first state (2004) to have paid FMLA six weeks of leave at approximately 55% of a worker’s wage o New Jersey and Rhode island also provide partially paid family and medical leave (6 weeks paid and 4 weeks unpaid) o Paid Maternal Leave: Almost Everywhere (Graph) The United States is one of only eight countries, out of 188 that have known policies , without paid leave. Lecture 22: Well-being A contentious empirical debate Daniel Kahneman o All because of this guy .. and his 2004 paper in Science o “Spending time with children ranks about the same as vacuuming on happiness scales” How does the transition to parenthood (TTP) affect our relationship happiness? How does TTP affect our personal happiness? TTP and Happiness o Methodological issues to consider: Problems with cross-sectional comparisons of parents and non- parents Problems with longitudinal studies beginning in pregnancy Problems with longitudinal studies that begin before pregnancy, but don’t including a comparison group of non-parents TTP and Relationship Well-being o How does parenthood affect martial satisfaction? Drew from sample of 156 newlywed couples to compare parents to voluntarily childless couples Parents reported steeper declines in martial happiness compared to nonparents If the pregnancy was planned, the rate of decline was slower for husbands (but not wives) o Research from study “compared with prebirth levels and trajectories, parents showed sudden deterioration following birth on observed and self-
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reported measures of positive and negative aspects of relationship functioning” 8 년의 결혼생활중 , 아이가 생긴 부부와 아이가 없는 부부를 비교했을때 없는 부부가 더 gradual deterioration. 아이가 있는 부부는 더 sudden deterioration. How does relationship functioning change following the birth of the first child? Possible patterns are following: Results for parents: Most areas of relationship functioning showed sudden deteriorations from their trajectories of relationship functioning before birth.
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