The17 before the education reform came to be a

This preview shows page 5 - 7 out of 9 pages.

morality of socially conscience Judaism and Christianity. [The17]Before the Education Reform came to be, a person’s education stopped at the level that was necessary to do their functions in life. For men, they usually stopped after secondary school. For women, they didn’t usually go past primary school. School was really for the wealthy middleand upper class. From 1868 to 1880, William Harris was the chief administrator of the St. Louis Public Schools. He later became the U.S. Commissioner of Education in 1889. He was a believerin the separation of church and state in public schools, criticized corporal punishment and was in favor of self-discipline. In 1919, John Dewey and several colleagues founded “The New School for Social Research.” This school put an emphasis on free exchange of intellectual ideas in the arts and science programs. [Nor15]Once the Education Reform was passed, a child’s education was no longer about preparing you for the life you were given but became part of your life. High schools were popping up all across the country and became the norm for everyone. Schools now followed a curriculum with an emphasis on math, history and arts. They emerged into facilities instead of just one large room for all age groups. Enrollment drastically increased and higher grade levels and more teachers were added along with a few attendance laws. [Nor15]
Women during the Progressive Era achieved several important reforms. Their most memorable victory was the win of the Nineteenth Amendment. It was one of the largest extension of democratic voting rights in history. The women’s suffrage movement actually beganin 1848. The next 50 years was spent working to educate the public about their proposal. [Nor15]From there, women reformers in the club and settlement house movements wanted to pass reform legislation. Of course, politicians ignored what they were trying to get across. It was then women realized if they wanted to gain reform, they must win the right to vote. From that moment, women’s suffrage became a mass movement. [Cau17]The suffrage movement had two main organizations. Carrie Chapman Catt was the leaderof the National American Woman Suffrage Association. This group headed campaigns in individual states to enfranchise women. They worked together to lobby the President and Congress to pass a Constitutional Amendment for women. Alice Paul led the National Woman’s Party. These women were for radical actions. They picketed the White House in attempt to get President Wilson and Congress to pass the women’s suffrage movement. [Cau17]The progressives lead to many social and political reforms besides women suffrage. One was for better working and living conditions for workers, that included a minimum wage and workers' compensation. The also helped pass the Food & Drug Act, which established the FDA which makes sure the food we eat is safe. Also, progressives wanted a federal income tax which we have today. The reason that "Progressives" were never elected was because they were not a political party but a political movement. Theodore Roosevelt founded the "Progressive Party" aka "The Bull Moose Party" mainly to run against Taft who was running for reelection as a Republican in1912. That is why Wilson, a Democrat, won. During this time, it was the Republicans that were

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture