national museums and monuments are gazetted for preservation although the

National museums and monuments are gazetted for

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national museums and monuments are gazetted for preservation although the country has 141 major cultural and historical resources. Worse still, only 16 museums and monuments are utilized for tourism and only on a limited scale even though the historical and cultural resources, if they were improved, could contribute to the diversification of the country‟s tourism assets. In 2008, museums, monuments and other historical sites received 598,600 visitors. Like with many other public institutions in the country, NMK‟s role in tourism has been constrained by corruption and inadequacy of resources. In addition, interpretation and explanation of the monuments and other resources to tourists are inadequate. Consequently, the museums managed by the NMK are not attractive enough for tourists. To attract tourists the museums should emphasize local culture, anthropology, nature, geography, flora and fauna. The Investment Promotion Centre (IPC ) was established to promote growth through private investment. It provides investment advice and information to local and foreign investors, and recommends policies and legal reforms for improving the investment climate in the country. To promote private investment, the government through the IPC introduced the one-stop investment approval system in which information, submission of proposals, and issuance of all clearances and licences were provided in the same place. Local government authorities are playing a significant role in wildlife management, especially in Maasailand, by lobbying for portions of tourism revenue to provide infrastructure and other services to the communities living in wildlife dispersal areas. Local authorities are responsible for managing some national reserves. National parks are managed by the KWS. A serious obstacle to the involvement of local authorities is that they do not have specific departments to deal with tourism and resource-management matters. This has led to environmental degradation in many game reserves, including the decline in wildlife population. A recent study in the Mara ecosystem estimated that animal population in the Maasai Mara ecosystem declined by 50 80% since the 1970s, largely as a result of encroachment and mass tourism. 5.5 Private Sector The private sector has without doubt done a „sterling job‟ in tourism development in Kenya. Most hotels, lodges, campsites and other tourist facilities, tour companies, and travel agents are owned by the private sector. These, together with the private sector‟s Kenya Tourism Federation (KTF), have been crucial in promoting tourism. This has been done by individual firms and
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65 associations such as the Kenya Association of Hotel Keepers and Caterers, the Kenya Association of Travel Agents (KATA), and the Kenya Association of Tour Operators (KATO).
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