victory•Natives had become excellent marksmen – Metacom uses ambushes•MA and CT join Plymouth – attack Narragansetts •Great Swamp Fight – 1675 – take Narr. fort – kill women and children•800 settlers killed, two dozen towns destroyed•War punishment for behavior (long hair, mixed dancing); Quakers – div.punish.•1676 – Gov. Andros – Mohawks attack Metacom – Mohegan kill Metacom Society of Friends. Quakers were an equality-minded Protestant sect that resided in North Carolina and opposed feudal governments/taxes that support the Anglican Church. As a result, they were badly persecuted and sought
Constitutional monarchy When did the Virginia Indian War take place, and why was it significant? Covenant Chain Stono Rebellion What was the exclusion Crisis? What did the Lords Committee ofTrade and Planation’s enforce? • Virginia’s Indian War • Gov. Sir Wm Berkeley – defeated natives 30 yrs earlier • 1675 – Doegs – demand payment of debt – run off livestock • Overseer kills a native, come back to kill overseer • Follow to MD – pick wrong path – kill 25 Susquehannock – allies • John Washington sent set things right – killed peace makers – siege 6 wks • Natives escape – Jan 1676 – kill 30 virginians – Berkeley: forts and allies • 2 nd /3 rd Anglo-Dutch – forts prove worthless – want offensive approach their alliance with New York, known as the Covenant Chain, soon became a model for relations between the British empire and other Native American peoples. 1739, illustrates the impossibility of success. The Catholic governor of Spanish Florida instigated the revolt by promising freedom to fugitive slaves. By February 1739, at least 69 slaves had escaped to St. Augustine, and rumors circulated. Crisis in England and the Redefinition of Empire • Popish Plot, the Exclusion Crisis, and the Rise of Party • Kill Charles and bring James to the throne • Opposition demanded James be excluded for Mary and Anne – daughters • Whigs calling from assassination of Charles and James • Charles men deemed Tories • Tories – legit. succession, standing army, Anglican church w/o toleration, powerful • • Whigs – no James, local militias, toleration of Pro. Dissenters, reformed Parlia. • Charles dissolves Parliament – 1681, rules til death – 1685 • Lord of Trade and Imperial Reform • 1675 – Lords Committee of Trade and Plantations – Duke of York • Enforced Navigation Acts, administered colonies • 1660s – crown take Barbados, Jamaica • Created constitutional structure of each colony • Never acquired force of law • Jamaican assembly keeps power, revenue bill gives Gov. independence • 1676 – Edward Randolph recommends MA charter be revoked • Tried to stop proprietary charter for PA • King only held sway in VA • Jamaica like set up in NY -1683
Dominion of New England What was the Glorious Revolution Patronage
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