Chapter 1 - Computer Security Handbook, Sixth Edition.pdf

2 for further details see for example

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2. For further details, see, for example, jones/cards . 3. See history/UNIVAC.Weston.html and inventors.about.com/library/weekly/aa062398.htm 4. It is notable that the IBM 1401 computer was so named because the initial model had 1,400 bytes of main memory. It was not long before memory size was raised to 8 kilobytes and then later to as much as 32 kilobytes. In 1980, the Series III minicomputer from Hewlett-Packard doubled its maximum memory from 1 megabyte to 2 megabytes at a cost of $64,000 (about $200,000 in 2008 dollars). This compares with today's personal computers, typically equipped with no less than 512 megabytes and often a gigabyte or more. 5. The term "dumb" was used because the terminal had no internal storage or processing capability. It could only receive and display characters and accept and transmit keystrokes. Both the received characters and the transmitted ones were displayed on a cathode ray tube (CRT) much like a pre-color television screen. Consequently, these were also called "glass" terminals. 6- "Multiprocessing," "multiprogramming," and "multitasking" are terms that are used almost interchangeably today. Originally, multitasking implied that several modules or subroutines of a single program could execute together. Multiprogramming was designed to execute several different programs, and their subroutines, concurrently. Multiprocessing most often meant that two or more computers worked together to speed program execution by providing more resources. 7. Also known as ARPA net and Arpanet. 8. First published in 1975; reissued by Mass Market Paperbacks in May 1990. 9. "Fixed," in contrast with the removable disk packs common in large data centers. 10. See standards.ieee.org/getieee802/802.3.html 11. Sean P. Conroy, "History of Virtualization," Everything VM, 2010. 12. G. H. Invalid, Proposed Technical Evaluation Criteria for Trusted Computer Systems. Publication M79-225 (Bedford, MA: MITRE Corporation, 1999). 13. For access to all the Rainbow Series documents, see 14. The CCEVS Website has extensive documentation; see
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15. This section is reprinted with slight modifications by permission of the author from the original manuscript for M. E. Kauai, The NCSA Guide to Enterprise Security: Protecting Information Assets (New York: McGraw- Hill, 1996), Chapter 1 , pp. 2 5. 16. National Research Council, Computers at Risk: Safe Computing in the Information Age (Washington, DC: National Academy Press, 1991). Available as searchable open book at 17. G. S. Milieus, "The 7 Best Practices for Network Security in 2007," Network World Website, 2007, 18. M. E. Kauai (2005). "InfraGard is not a Deodorant," NetworkWorld Website, 2005, 19.
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