The adult kohlbergs theory in perspective is

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The Adult – Kohlberg’s Theory in Perspective Is Kohlberg’s theory culture-biased? Cross-cultural studies suggest that postconventional moral reasoning emerges primarily in Western democracies People in collectivist cultures that emphasize social harmony often look like stage 3 conventional moral thinkers in Kohlberg’s system, but in fact they may have sophisticated concepts of justice that focus on the individual’s responsibility for others’ welfare
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The Adult – Kohlberg’s Theory in Perspective Is Kohlberg’s theory biased against political conservatives? Researchers find some merit in the idea that Kohlberg’s theory favors people who support human rights and take liberal positions on issues
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The Adult – Kohlberg’s Theory in Perspective Is Kohlberg’s theory gender biased? Kohlberg’s stages were developed based on interviews with males only and in some studies, women seemed to reason at stage 3 when men usually reasoned at stage 4 Carol Gilligan argued that boys, who traditionally have been raised to be independent, come to view moral dilemmas as conflicts between the rights of two or more parties and to view laws as necessary for resolving these inevitable conflicts (a perspective reflected in Kohlberg’s stage 4 reasoning) Gilligan argued that girls are brought up to define their sense of “goodness” in terms of their concern for other people (a perspective that approximates stage 3 in Kohlberg’s scheme)
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The Adult – Kohlberg’s Theory in Perspective Is Kohlberg’s theory gender biased (continued)? Gilligan’s arguments A “masculine” morality of justice focused on laws and rules, individual rights, and fairness A “feminine” morality of care focused on an obligation to be selfless and look after the welfare of other people Neither morality is more “mature” than the other
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The Adult – Kohlberg’s Theory in Perspective Although Gilligan’s claim that Kohlberg’s theory is systematically biased against females is not supported, her work increased our awareness that both men and women often think about moral issues in terms of their responsibilities for the welfare of other people and that Kohlberg emphasized only one way – a legalistic and abstract way – of thinking about right and wrong
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The Adult – New Approaches to Morality Developmentalists today are trying to correct for Kohlberg's overemphasis on rational deliberation in moral reasoning by exploring the emotional component of morality Recently researchers have examined The emotions and the regulation of emotions when children and adults engage in moral or immoral behavior The idea that gut emotional reactions and intuitions play an important role in morality Some scholars have now proposed dual-process models of morality in which both deliberate thought and emotion/intuition inform decisions about moral issues and motivate behavior
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The Adult – Religion and Spirituality
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  • Fall '17
  • MarciaGuilliams
  • Lawrence Kohlberg, Kohlberg's stages of moral development

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