a. Ataxicb. Dystonicc. SpasticANS: BDystonic cerebral palsy is associated with extreme difficulty in fine motor coordination and purposeful movements. Ataxic cerebral palsy manifests with gait disturbances and instability. The infant with this form of cerebral palsy may have hypotonia atbirth, but stiffness of the trunk muscles develops by late infancy. Spastic cerebral palsy is associated with increased muscle tone, persistent primitive reflexes, hyperactive deep tendon reflexes, clonus, rigidity of the extremities, scoliosis, and contractures.
d. MixedMixed cerebral palsy may have symptoms of each of the disorders.REF: p. 42915.Which of the following diseases does the nurse screen for in all newborns?REF: p. 43016.Parents of a 3-month-old bring the infant to the emergency room (ER) after a seizure has caused muscle rigidity. Both parents are of Jewish ancestry. For what genetic disease should this infant be screened?REF: p. 43017.A 3-year-old has been diagnosed with bacterial meningitis. What should the nurse expect to find on the lab report forthe most common cause of this bacterial meningitis?REF: p. 43118.It is true that viral meningitis:a. is always sudden in onset.b. often occurs with measles, mumps, or herpes.c. is effectively treated with antibiotics.d. causes increased sugar in the cerebral spinal fluid (CSF).ANS: BViral meningitis may result from a direct infection of a virus, or it may be secondary to disease, such as measles, mumps, or herpes. Onset may be sudden or gradual. Treatment is symptomatic; antibiotics are not used. Glucose in the CSF is normal.REF: p. 43119.A 3-year-old Black child with a history of sickle cell disease and is now diagnosed with meningitis. Which is the most likely microorganism the nurse will find on the lab report?
You've reached the end of your free preview.
Want to read all 80 pages?
- Fall '17
- keisha lovence