After the plenary discussion mr stloukal introduced

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After the plenary discussion, Mr Stloukal introduced Group Work 1 in which participants were asked to: (a) discuss various dimensions of population ageing, (b) identify challenges and opportunities, and (c) assess the quality of existing knowledge and identify options for improving understanding of ageing-related issues. The results of Group Work 1 are summarized in Table 1 below.
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POPULATION AGEING IN MALAWI:UNDERSTANDING CHALLENGES, RESPONDING TO OPPORTUNITIES 8 TABLE 1: SUMMARY OF GROUP WORK 1 C ROSS - CUTTING ISSUES : GENDER INEQUALITY , LONELINESS , POOR HOUSING , ILLITERACY Economic and Food Security Health and Nutrition Social participation and access to services What are the key challenges/ constraints facing older people? - low/no income - limited capacity to generate income - high unemployment - labour constraints - lack of farm inputs/ fertilisers - lack of savings - property grabbing - no support from children - lack of tailor-made programmes/support - lack of Pension Act/ scheme - no approved policy yet - limited information about commodity markets - more vulnerable to external shocks - illiteracy - lack of safe water (esp. in rural) - disease vulnerability (poor housing, sanitation) - limited visual aids - loneliness impacting on health - gender inequality impacting health and nutrition - limited access to nutritious food - limited (physical) access to health care services - lack of specific care - lack of health insurance - limited knowledge of dietary diversification - lack of health education - illiteracy - stigma and discrimination (not invited to participate in social activities) - lack of access to justice/ legal aid - poor housing conditions - cultural abuse (disrespect of elderly) - limited access to basic necessities (clothing, blankets, etc) - loneliness - not given preferential treatment (health services, water points, ADMARC, etc.) - isolation due to prejudice - lack of involvement by service providers - expected roles and responsibilities (due to stereotypes) - limited political participation - illiteracy Does population ageing bring any opportunities for improvement? - pressure on government to address issues of elderly - less burden of care for orphans if parents live longer - reduced dependency - provide better care to orphans as last resort - more institutional knowledge/memory - play leading role in various economic activities - population ageing Æ higher life expectancy Æ increased long-term investments - knowledge of traditional medicine - new specialisation in medicine: gerontology - care for sick - bank of knowledge on preparation of indigenous nutritious food - unique knowledge of control of crop and animal diseases - bank of wisdom/ experience - counsellors for the community - conservation of cultural values
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9 How do we know about such challenges and opportunities? - media - contacts/networking - research-based information/technologies - workshops - international fora - churches, FBOs - politicians - CBOs - NGOs - experience - observations - consultations - media - contacts/networking - research-based information/technologies - workshops - international fora - churches, FBOs - politicians - CBOs - NGOs - experience
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