55L. R. Huesmann, “Nailing the Coffin Shut On Doubts That Violent Video Games Stimulate Aggression: Comment on Anderson et al. (2010),”Psychological Bulletin136, no. 2 (2010): 2, doi:10.1037/a0018567. 56Huesmann, “Coffin,” 2.
15 (ALFF) and fractional ALFF (fALFF) to quantify spontaneous brain activity.”57The results indicated that there was no significant difference between the study group, who played violent video games, and the control group, who did not play a violent video game.58Their study found these results to be relevant “indicating that long time exposure to violent video games won’t significantly influence spontaneous brain activity, especially the core brain regions such as execution control, moral judgment and short-term memory.”59This finding implied that the effect of violent video games in other studies was exaggerated.60According to Pan et al., “One can speculate from the above findings that there is no causal link between violent video games and aggression. This is mainly because the cause of aggression cannot be simply determined. Many environmental factors, such as childhood trauma, and family background, contribute to aggression, mutually.”61This study is illuminating in the sense that it is the first study that we have seen to use actual neurological analysis to attempt to disprove the connection between violent video games and violent behavior. Other studies have relied on meta-data gathered from large populations, or test questionnaires that indicate how aggressive a person might be. This one uses actual brain scanning to demonstrate the brain’s activity while playing violent video games. It is important to note that their study did contain a view deficiencies. According to Pan et al., they include the fact that “our participants are all selected from college, whether our findings can apply to different groups remains uncertain. What’s more, given the fact that female violent video game players are quite few, our research target mainly focused on the males.”62All of that being said, this study is unique because of its research method. It seems much more relevant to analyze the brains activity and use that to determine potential 57Wei Pan et al., “Spontaneous Brain Activity Did Not Show the Effect of Violent Video Games on Aggression: A Resting-State fMRI Study,” Frontiers in Psychology8 (2018): 2, doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2017.02219. 58Pan et al., “Spontaneous Brain Activity,” 2. 59Pan et al., 2. 60Pan et al., 3. 61Pan et al., 4. 62Pan et al., 4.
16 effects of video games on the brain. As they concluded, Pan et al. say that, “Our results suggested that there is no strong link between long time exposure to violent video games and spontaneous brain activity, it didn’t show any neuropsychological evidence of aggression, but it enhanced our understanding to the relationship between long time exposure to violent video games and aggression.”63In an effort to examine the relationship between violent video games and aggression, Ferguson et al. conducted two studies. First, “Study 1 participants were either randomized or allowed to choose to play a violent or nonviolent game. Although males