description of an historical event and were produced shortly after the event happened. They have a direct physical relationship to the event being studied examples of primary sources include new paper report, letters, public document, court decisions, personal diaries, autobiographies, artifacts and eye witness‟s verba accounts. The primary sources of data can be divided into two broad categories as follows. i) The remains or relics of given historical period. These could include photographs, corves skeletons, fossils tools, weopens, utensils furniture, buildings and pieces of out & culture object d‟ out. Though these were not originally meant for transmitting information to future generations. They would prove very useful sources in providing reliable and sound evidence about the past, a last of these relics provide non-verbal information. ii) Those objects that have a direct physical relationship with the events being reconstructed. This includes documents such as laws, files, letters, manuscripts, government resolutions, characters, memoranda, wills, news papers, magazines, journals, files, government or other official publications, maps, charts, loy-books, catalogues, research reports, record of minutes of meetings recording inscription, transcriptions and so on. b) Secondary Sources: A secondary source is one in which the eyewitness or the participant i.e. the person describing the event was not actually present but who obtained his/her descriptions or narrations fromarushes person or source. This another person may or may not be a primary source. Secondary sources, thus, do not have a direct physical relationship with the event being studies. They include data which are not original example of secondary sources include text books, biographies, encydopedias, reference books, replicas of out objects and paintarings and so on. It is possible that secondary sources contain eroes due to passing of information from one source to another. These enous could get multiplied when the information passes through many sources there by resulting in an euor of great magnitude in the final data. Thus, wherever possible, the researcher should try to use primary sources of data. however, that does not reduce the value of secondary sources. In conclusion, the various sources of historical information both primary and secondary con be summarized as follows:
31 Sources of Historical Information Documents Quantitative Oral Records Relics (Written/Printed) Records (Spoken words) (Physical or visual objects) -diaries -School budget -Ballads -School buildings -memories -Student attendance -Tales -School furniture -notebooks -Records -Saga -Textbooks -yearbooks -Staff attendance -Oral interviews -Pictures -Manos -records of eyewitnesses -Drawings -lag books - Student‟s marks and participants -Auto tactual -laws -School results plans -count testimony -Financial statements -Instructional -committee reports -Census records Aids -government It must be mentioned here that the branch of historical research using all or some types of our records is known as oral history.
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