Physician and Protection of Life One aspect of the euthanasia debate that is often ignored is that it expects doctors to perform euthanasia. One of the main roles of physicians is to gain a patient’s trust and therapeutic relationship, and how does one maintain this goal if the patient’s perception will change toward the physician who participates in killing patients (murder) instead of being a protector of life! Euthanasia violates codes of medical ethics which prohibits doctors from helping their patients die. Perspectives of those who Oppose Euthanasia There are people who are against euthanasia because they consider it a murder. Those who rejected euthanasia fear it may become a means of health care cost containment, and become non- voluntary and against the rights and value of human life. Those people defend their opinions through emphasizing the respect of human dignity through searching for solutions for cost containment, not through killing patients because of their suffering, and should identify the reasons that make a patient’s request for euthanasia and find solutions to enhance their quality of life (Voultsos, Njau, and Vlachou, 2010). This means that it is not the choice of the physician to decide about killing patients even if they have signed an agreement and this is not a violation of their human rights. Euthanasia is a social, legal, and ethical dilemma although many feel euthanasia is an unethical practice, one of the biggest arguments against this process is belief about the casual nature with which it will be approached in the future. If euthanasia is permitted without the necessity to abide by government regulations and laws, people will use it as a means to get out of even simpler troubles. Moreover, there may be ways in which pressure may be put on individuals to die or end their lives because they may seem as ‘burdens’ to the family. They may also use it as a method of avoiding heavy medical expenditures that may be needed in cases that are complicated. Religious views suggest that only God has the right to take life, and it is something human beings should not meddle with. Furthermore, they believe that life is a precious gift that has been bestowed upon us by the Almighty, and giving it up due to some pain is no way to value it. Political views suggest that euthanasia will have an effect on society, no matter how personal a MIDDLE EAST JOURNAL OF NURSING VOLUME 7 ISSUE 5 OCTOBER 2013 E D U C A T I O N A N D T R A I N I N G
35 MIDDLE EAST JOURNAL OF NURSING VOLUME 7 ISSUE 5 OCTOBER 2013 decision it is. As a society that survives on following the footsteps of others, deciding to request death will cause other individuals (in less deplorable situations) to follow these methods too. These are simply some thoughts on the ongoing debate that is a cause for concern all over the world. From the humanitarian point of view, the right to die with dignity, respect, comfort, and peace belongs to every individual, and this cannot be ignored no matter how many arguments are put forth against this practice.
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- Fall '15