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Carl jung disagreed with the nature of the

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• Carl Jung:disagreed with the nature of the unconscious mind- Collective unconscious:the unconscious is interconnected through pastexperiences to other individuals across generations and locations aroundthe worldThe mind has auniversal set of common thoughts, feelings,behaviours, beliefs, rituals, emotions, experiences, images andsymbols INHERITED FROM ALL THOSE WHO CAME BEFORE USOVER TIME (includes animals)• examples:fear of the unknown, the search for novelty, the desire forsocial order and the need for emotional contact with others• Archetypes:how inherited universal knowledge is stored in the collectiveunconscious- Archetypes are universal thought patterns and behaviour rituals that aretriggered by specific situations, symbols and images that representcertain people, ideas or beliefsArchetypes representing the core elements of personality• Persona:the tendency fo people to develop a certain pattern ofbehaviour when in public to get along with others (analogous to the
superego)• Shadow:the dark and more primitive side of personality (analogousto the id)• Self:the MOST IMPORTANT ARCHETYPE, unites all theotheraspects of the individual’s personality (analogous to the ego) ‘Adler’s Individual PerspectiveDisagreed with:importance of unconscious sexual needs, the meaningof dreamsand the role of the egoStriving for superiority:at the conscious level, individuals are motivatedto achieveexcellence and improvements over their past selves and to actin ways that benefitsocial interestThis is thePRIMARY MOTIVATIONAL SOURCE OF PERSONALITYbasically:striving for superiority means trying to become a betterpersonin an effort to overcome real or imagined feelings ofinferiority developedearlier in life through interactions with parents, siblings and peersSocial interest principle:the goal of becoming a better person shouldbe to makesociety better as you make yourself a better personStriving for superiority should be guided by this principleUniqueness:based on the selection of the strategies used to strive forsuperiorityconsistency: based on the extent to which the strategies are selected ina similarmanner over time and across situationsHorney’s Interpersonal PerspectiveKaren Horney• Interpersonal relationships are the primary determinants ofpersonality• Social security:a sense of feeling safe and loved in our relationships-The motivational force underlying the expression of personality• Basic anxiety:when individuals feel unsafe, unloved and powerless intheir relationships• Basic hostility:feeling anger and insecurity in an insecure relationship,especially when you think the other person is not helping or trying tocreate a secure environment
• Strategies to reduces basic anxiety and establish a sense of safety(1) Moving toward peopleIndividual does and says certain things in the hopes that others willlike themand take care of themMay succumb to peer pressure, wants to avoid being teased andridiculed,

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Term
Winter
Professor
MARKOW
Tags
Sweat, Intelligence quotient, The Unconscious,

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