● Environmental, experience is critical ● Remodeled through synaptic pruning and myelination ○ Prefrontal cortex ○ Limbic System ● Prefrontal Cortex affects: ○ Patterns become more focused ○ Activity becomes increasingly coordinated with other activity in other parts of the brain ○ changes lead to greater efficiency in information processing. ● Limbic System Affects: ○ Dopamine (REWARD) ○ Serotonin (MOODS) ○ Changes may make individuals more… ■ emotional ■ stressful ■ reward seeking / sensation seeking ■ vulnerable to substance abuse and depression ● The maturation of functional connectivity is more of less complete by age 22 Vygotsky and learning ● Zone of Proximal Development ● Scaffolding ● teachers would have a mixed age classroom so young kids have wiser peers to “scaffold” them to the next level ● teachers use guided participation ● teachers use intersubjectivity and make-believe play
●classroom emphasizing assisted discovery, where both teacher guidance and peer collaboration are vitally important Chapter 3: Social Transitions Areas of fundamental change in adolescence ●Which of the following is not one of the areas of fundamental change in adolescence? ●Today, adolescence has been redefined as a time of _____, rather than _____. ●Basically, know that fundamentally there is biological
Adolescence now vs. 100 years ago; time spent with peers versus parents now and then ● Adolescence lasts longer today than ever before ● Which of the following was not a result of industrialization? ○ a. new patterns of work ○ b. less time in school ○ c. increased school preparation ○ d. less time working with family members Answer: less time in school. ● Before the Industrial Revolution, the term “child” referred to ○ ages 3-12. ○ ages 5-10. ○ anyone under age 18 or 21. ○ ages 3-25. Answer: anyone under age 18 or 21 ● Which of the following is not associated with transition difficulties in adolescence? ○
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- Winter '15
- Developmental Psychology, Secondary school