B correct answer both campaigns engaged in negative

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b. Correct answer. Both campaigns engaged in negative tactics. While Adams himself may have tried to stay above it, his campaign got nasty—they called Jackson’s mother a prostitute and his wife an adulteress, for example. c. Jackson’s campaign depicted him as the champion of the common man, but in truth, while he may have been born in a log cabin, he had become a wealthy planter with many slaves. d. While political machines on the eastern seaboard did help put Jackson in the white house, the truth revealed by the 1828 election was that the nation’s new source of political might was coming from emerging states in the West. e. The vote in the middle states and Old Northwest were split between both candidates. Jackson got the bulk of his votes from the West and South, while Adams won New England and the propertied segments of the Northeast. Question 4 a. He did comment on slavery in America, but this was not what captivated his attention most. He dismissed its inherent inequality as “peculiar to America” but not a facet of what he found most compelling about the nation, its democracy.
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b. Jackson was the first president from the West. He lacked a college education, had a violent temper, and took pride in his roughhewn, frontier heritage. However, this is not what de Tocqueville found most striking in his travels. c. De Tocqueville spent nine months traveling across American cities including Boston, Washington, Detroit, and New Orleans, observing urban and rural areas alike, and while he was impressed, this alone did not make the most enduring impression. d. Industrialization was an emerging aspect of the American economy during the time of de Tocqueville’s travels, but it did not grab his attention in the way that America’s political and philosophical commitment to equality would. e. Correct answer. From the opening of his book throughout, de Tocqueville notes that he was riveted by the “general equality of condition among the people.” Question 5 a. Jackson, like other politicians before and since, used the spoils system to put his own people in government jobs —which sometimes included less talented and deserving types who had nonetheless helped him get elected. It was not his tool for revitalizing federal government. b. The spoils system had nothing to do with expanding presidential power or that of other appointees. It was merely a way to reward supporters by giving them political jobs. c. Correct answer. It became an important tool of the emerging two-party system because by promising jobs and other rewards, it solidified people’s loyalty to one party over the other. d. Scandal was a part of the spoils system, as Illiterates, incompetents, and crooks were given government jobs simply because they had helped get a candidate elected. e. One of the undeserving appointees was Samuel Swartout, who became collector of customs of the port of New York despite warnings not to trust him in such a post. He held the job for nine years, fleeing to England with a million dollars embezzled from the government—the first person to do so.
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  • Fall '12
  • Ms.Kim
  • AP US History, Correct Answer, President of the United States, John Quincy Adams, a. Jackson

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