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John Locke, one of the renowned philosophers, claimed that we as individuals learn from experience. He went ahead to justify this statement by saying that a child is like a tabula rasa at birth. Tabula rasa means that the mind of a child at birth is blank like a slate (Cleverly & Phillips,16). The experiences the child gets from the environment while growing up is the one that fills his or her mind. We view the learners in a class as being perfect when they excel in their school subjects such as science and mathematics. Such a traditional form of learning required the
Surname 3learners to use their innate intelligence that is inborn in order to succeed. Watson, a behaviorist theorist, disagrees with this pedagogy by saying that people are made but not born. He says that achild born of a thief can turn out to be a lawyer. Arthur Jensen, a Professor, on the other hand, argues that it was the inborn character of anindividual that influenced his intelligence and not the environment. In one of his articles that he wrote, The Harvard Educational Review, he wanted to find out ways of raising the IQ of students. The article did not go down well with the public prompting him to get a bodyguard because of threats to his life. He later on concluded that it was not the environment that contributed to the intelligence level of an individual but rather his genes. He supported the claim by saying that being poor or being discriminated does not justify poor performance but rather lack of educational quality. One of the critique, Tobias, suggested that it was better to have the