Singapore Fire Safety Engineering Guidelines 2015_1.pdf

Jones richard d peacock paul a reneke glenn p forney

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WALTER W.JONES, Richard D. Peacock, Paul A. Reneke, Glenn P. Forney, Verification and Validation of CFAST, A model of Fire Growth and Smoke Spread, NISTIR 7080, National Institute of Standards and Technology, U.S. Department of Commerce, February 2004
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Annex A Methods of determining fire size (For sprinkler controlled fire) Annex A-1
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Annex B Table of Fire Hazards Usage Potential Fuel Load Potential Ignition Sources Hazards presented Potential mitigation measures Areas of special/high hazard Fuel or other or other flammable or combustible liquids storage rooms High hazard plant rooms High voltage switch rooms Heating appliances Kitchen appliances Electrical, e.g. short-circuit of electrical appliances, wiring or switch boards From equipment, e.g. motors overheating Explosive or highly flammable/ignitable contents or activities Fire hazards posed to occupants considered high Potential extreme event, such as explosion or uncontrolled fire to impact areas remote from fire Clause 3.2.5 and Table 6.4A of the Fire Code Back of house areas / service areas Electrical and mechanical plant rooms Small ancillary usage (e.g. offices) Staff-only areas like changing rooms, etc Electrical, e.g. short-circuit of electrical appliances, wiring or switch boards From equipment, e.g. motors overheating Smoking, e.g. ignition from cigarettes or matches Flexibility in type of goods/commodities Illegal storage may impact means of escape and/or fire compartmentation Fire compartmentation Automatic sprinkler protection Smoke purging / engineered smoke control Shop (department stores, shopping centres, supermarkets, business and trades) Commodities Display goods Storage Electrical, e.g. short-circuit of electrical appliances or wiring Smoking, e.g. ignition from cigarettes or matches Overheating of electrical equipment Arson Flexibility in type of goods/commodities Depending on type of shop and stacking arrangement, fire hazard can range from low to high (e.g. high rack storage). May connect multiple floors and/or have high populations (shopping centres) Fire compartmentation Automatic sprinkler protection Engineered smoke control Annex B-1
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Usage Potential Fuel Load Potential Ignition Sources Hazards presented Potential mitigation measures F&B (restaurants, food courts, coffee shops, hawker centres, fast food outlets) Furniture and furnishings Rubbish bins Kitchen appliances Storage Electrical, e.g. short-circuit of electrical appliances or wiring Overheating of electrical equipment, e.g. display lightings ‘Open flame’ cooking appliances in kitchens Smoking, e.g. ignition from cigarettes or matches Arson Flexibility in type of furniture and layout Potential extreme event, such as explosion (gas cylinder/tanks/supply) to impact areas remote from fire May have high populations; e.g.
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  • Three '18
  • Dr. Anthony
  • Microelectronics, Active fire protection, Fire protection, Computational fluid dynamics, Heat release rate, FSE

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