POLI 1050--Exam #1 (Spring 2018) Answer Key.docx

A there are more illiberal democracies today than any

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a. There are more illiberal democracies today than any other regime-type b. Authoritarian regimes are almost non-existent in the world today c. Approximately 60% of all states today are democracies d. There are more authoritarian and totalitarian regimes than any other regime-type today (21) The over-use and depletion of a shared resource such as fish or crabs (off the coast of Maryland) due to the pursuit of self-interested behavior in which each actor wants to maximize their portion of the resource with little consideration of long-term effects is best known as: a. Free-riding b. Prisoners dilemma c. Coordination problem d. Tragedy of the commons (22) An example of a regime with a semi-presidential system is ________________. a. Mexico b. Britain c. United States d. France e. None of the above are semi-presidential systems 4
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(23) A supporter of realism in international relations would agree with which of the following statements about the nature of international politics: a. Anarchy is what states make of it and need not always be conflictual b. Cooperation between states is possible because of the ethical and moral nature of those states c. The anarchic international system prevents meaningful cooperation between states because there are no assurances that deals will be enforced d. International organizations such as the United Nations help facilitate cooperation over mutual/shared interests between those states (24) True / False: The primary difference between an authoritarian regime and a totalitarian regime is that an authoritarian regime does not have absolute control over every aspect of the economic, social, and political lives of its citizens, but does have some control. (25) Which of the following is a key advantage of a parliamentary system over a presidential system that we discussed? a. Parliamentary systems have a strong separation of powers b. Prime ministers tend to get along much better with the legislative branch c. Coalitional governments are generally easy to form and tend to operate smoothly d. Parliamentary systems tend to have weak political parties e. None of the above are advantages of a parliamentary over presidential system (26) True / False : In a dictatorship, where only one person makes most decisions, transactions costs would be high (relative to a democracy), thus making conformity costs low. (27) Which level of analysis would a study that analyzes the influence that a domestic interest group such as the National Rifle Association (NRA) in the US have on the government’s behavior? a. Systemic level b. Individual level c. State level d. Interstate level e. None of the above (28) True / False : A parliamentary system is best characterized as a democratic system of government where the executive (i.e. President) and legislature (i.e. Parliament) control separate branches of government.
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